Learn More
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) are a unique type of macroglia required for normal olfactory axonal regeneration throughout the lifetime of an individual. Recent evidence in the literature suggests that OECs transplanted into injured spinal cords may facilitate axonal regeneration. In this study, we evaluated the neurotrophic properties of OECs using a(More)
Schwann cells derived from peripheral nerve sheath tumors from individuals with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) are deficient for the protein neurofibromin, which contains a GAP-related domain (NF1-GRD). Neurofibromin-deficient Schwann cells have increased Ras activation, increased proliferation in response to certain growth stimuli, increased angiogenic(More)
Neuregulins (NRGs) are growth factors present in neurons and glial cells of the central and peripheral nervous systems and play a role in the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of these cells. We now report the localization of the two major isoforms of NRG (alpha and beta) and their receptors (erbB) in cultured Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes(More)
The cellular localization of calpain is important in understanding the roles that calpain may play in physiological function. We, therefore, examined calpain expression, activity, and immunofluorescent localization in primary cultures of rat oligodendrocytes. The mRNA expression of m-calpain was 64.8% (P = 0.0033) and 50.5% (P = 0.0254) higher than that of(More)
We have previously reported that neonatal rat oligodendrocytes (OLGs) express and secrete neuregulins (NRGs) (Raabe et al., 1997). This laboratory has also shown that NRGs stimulate the differentiation of neonatal rat OLGs and that these cells express the erbB receptors for NRGs (Raabe et al., 1997). In this study, we have characterized NRG expression in(More)
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are characteristic of Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a human genetic disorder affecting approximately 1 in 3000 individuals. The absence of neurofibromin in Schwann cells results in hyperactivation of Ras, which contributes to Schwann cell hyperplasia. However, additional intracellular abnormalities in(More)
We have compared the singlet oxygen-mediated inactivation of acetylcholinesterase (ACE) in solution with the inactivation of ACE on the surface of K562 leukemia cells. In solution, the actions of the singlet-oxygen quenchers, methionine, azide, disodium [N,N'-ethylenebis (5-sulfosalicylideneimminato)]nickelate(II) (Ni-chelate 1) and disodium(More)
  • 1