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BACKGROUND Appetite is affected by many factors including the hormones leptin, ghrelin and adiponectin. Ghrelin stimulates hunger, leptin promotes satiety, and adiponectin affects insulin response. This study was designed to test whether the pre- and postprandial response of key appetite hormones differs in normal weight (NW) and severely obese (SO) women.… (More)
Favorable health outcomes at 2 years postbariatric surgery have been reported. With exception of the Swedish Obesity Subjects (SOS) study, these studies have been surgical case series, comparison of surgery types, or surgery patients compared to subjects enrolled in planned nonsurgical intervention. This study measured gastric bypass effectiveness when… (More)
PURPOSE This paper details the design and baseline characteristics of a study on the morbidity associated with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (GBP) in severely obese adults. This study is designed to assess the effectiveness of GBP in reducing morbidity and maintaining weight loss. A wide array of clinical tests and psycho-behavioral questionnaires are… (More)
BACKGROUND We have observed that hereditary and environmental factors have a substantial influence on the plasma content of sex steroids in normal male twins and in men of families with prostatic disease. METHODS The contribution of genetic and nongenetic familial factors on the variation of plasma sex steroid concentrations and of the volume of zones of… (More)
Plasma estradiol has been suggested to suppress adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity in women. The present study explores the regulation of LPL by sex steroids in sedentary obese men (N = 24) at their usual weight. Femoral adipose tissue LPL activity, eluted with serum and heparin or extracted with detergent, showed significant inverse… (More)
Background: Appetite is affected by many factors including the hormones leptin, ghrelin and adiponectin. Ghrelin stimulates hunger, leptin promotes satiety, and adiponectin affects insulin response. This study was designed to test whether the pre-and postprandial response of key appetite hormones differs in normal weight (NW) and severely obese (SO) women.
Patients treated with high doses of interleukin-2 (IL-2) develop profound anorexia, malaise, loss of energy, mucositis, nausea, and vomiting, which may contribute to poor nutrition. We hypothesized that total parenteral nutrition (TPN) administration would ameliorate these changes and could improve fluid and electrolyte balance. A retrospective analysis of… (More)