Gail A. Reif

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Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a lethal disorder characterized by progressive expansion of renal cysts. Genetic mutations associated with PKD are thought to disrupt intracellular Ca2+ regulation, leading to abnormal proliferation of tubule epithelial cells. cAMP stimulates the B-Raf/MEK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (B-Raf/MEK/ERK) pathway and(More)
In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), arginine vasopressin (AVP) accelerates cyst growth by stimulating cAMP-dependent ERK activity and epithelial cell proliferation and by promoting Cl(-)-dependent fluid secretion. Tolvaptan, a V2 receptor antagonist, inhibits the renal effects of AVP and slows cyst growth in PKD animals. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND Progressive cyst enlargement, the hallmark of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and autosomal-recessive (ARPKD) polycystic kidney disease, precedes the eventual decline of function in these conditions. The expansion of individual cysts in ADPKD is determined to a major extent by mural epithelial cell proliferation and(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a hereditary disorder characterized by the progressive enlargement of cysts derived from tubules. Tubule cell proliferation and chloride-dependent fluid accumulation, mechanisms underlying cyst expansion, are accelerated by adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP). This study examined the extent to(More)
Progressive renal enlargement due to the growth of innumerable fluid-filled cysts is a central pathophysiological feature of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). These epithelial neoplasms enlarge slowly and damage noncystic parenchyma by mechanisms that have not been clearly defined. In a microarray analysis of cultured human ADPKD cyst(More)
Inner medullary collecting ducts (IMCD) are the final nephron segments through which urine flows. To investigate epithelial ion transport in human IMCD, we established primary cell cultures from initial (hIMCD(i)) and terminal (hIMCD(t)) inner medullary regions of human kidneys. AVP, PGE(2), and forskolin increased cAMP in both hIMCD(i) and hIMCD(t) cells.(More)
Renal cyst enlargement is increased by adenosine cAMP, which is produced within mural epithelial cells. In a search for modulators of cAMP synthesis cyst fluids from 18 patients with autosomal dominant or recessive polycystic kidney disease (PKD) were analyzed, and in 15 of them, a stable lipophilic molecule that increased cAMP levels, stimulated(More)
In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), aberrant proliferation of the renal epithelial cells is responsible for the formation of numerable fluid-filled cysts, massively enlarged kidneys, and progressive loss of renal function. cAMP agonists, including arginine vasopressin, accelerate cyst epithelial cell proliferation through protein kinase(More)
In autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), renal cysts develop by aberrant epithelial cell proliferation and transepithelial fluid secretion. We previously showed that ouabain increases proliferation of cultured human ADPKD cells via stimulation of the EGF receptor (EGFR)-Src-MEK/ERK signaling pathway. We examined whether ouabain affects fluid(More)
In renal cystic diseases, sustained enlargement of fluid-filled cysts is associated with severe interstitial fibrosis and progressive loss of functioning nephrons. Periostin, a matricellular protein, is highly overexpressed in cyst-lining epithelial cells of autosomal-dominant polycystic disease kidneys (ADPKD) compared with normal tubule cells. Periostin(More)