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This study tested the hypothesis that diffusion tensor imaging can detect alteration in microscopic integrity of white matter and basal ganglia regions known to be involved in Parkinson's disease (PD) pathology. It was also hypothesized that there is an association between diffusion abnormality and PD severity and subtype. Diffusion tensor imaging at 4(More)
There is considerable variation in the phenotypic appearance of individuals with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD), which may translate into differences in disease progression in addition to underlying disease etiology. In this publication, we report on the demographic and clinical characteristics of 162 individuals diagnosed with clinically probable PD(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulator (DBS) implantation has been shown to be effective in the treatment of various movement disorders including Parkinson's disease, essential tremor and dystonia. However, there is limited information regarding the potential use of DBS in Huntington's disease (HD). In this study, the authors present their findings on the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In vivo MR imaging and postmortem neuropathologic studies have demonstrated elevated iron concentration and atrophy within the striatum of patients with Huntington disease, implicating neuronal loss and iron accumulation in the pathogenesis of this neurodegenerative disorder. We used 7T MR imaging to determine whether quantitative(More)
Participants with the gene expansion for Huntington disease (HD) but not yet diagnosed were evaluated annually. Unidimensional diagnosis (UD) was a motor diagnosis defined as a diagnostic confidence level (DCL) of 4 (unequivocal motor signs, ≥99% confidence) on the standardized motor exam of the Unified Huntington Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS).(More)
Chorea is the predominant motor manifestation in the early symptomatic phase of adult onset Huntington's disease (HD). Pathologically, this stage is marked by differential loss of striatal neurons contributing to the indirect pathway. This pattern of neuronal loss predicts decreased neuronal firing rates in GPi and increased firing rates in GPe, the(More)
Current evidence suggests that the incidence of recreational nitrous oxide inhalation is on the rise. Due to the possibility of clinically significant myelopathy, as well as potential response to treatment, it is important to consider this diagnosis when appropriate. We present a case of acquired ataxia and myelopathy due to nitrous oxide abuse and discuss(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety of tetrabenazine for the treatment of Huntington's disease (HD)-associated chorea. DATA SOURCES Primary literature and review articles were obtained through a PubMed search (1959-November 2009) using the terms tetrabenazine, HD, chorea, and hyperkinetic movement disorders. A(More)
In this evaluator-blinded open-treatment trial, subjects with moderate/severe upper limb essential tremor were titrated to 300 mg/day zonisamide, or adjusted to a lesser dose if symptoms warranted, as monotherapy or as adjunct to stable antitremor medication, followed by a 12-week extension phase. The primary efficacy outcome variables were blinded rater(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate how acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI) treatment affects brain function in Parkinson's disease (PD). Twelve patients with PD and either dementia or mild cognitive impairment underwent task-free functional magnetic resonance imaging before and after 3 months of ChEI treatment and were compared with 15 age-(More)