Learn More
Reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) and other pro-oxidant agents are known to elicit, in vivo and in vitro, oxidative decomposition of omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids of membrane phospholipids (i.e, lipid peroxidation). This leads to the formation of a complex mixture of aldehydic end-products, including malonyldialdehyde (MDA),(More)
4-Hydroxy-2,3-nonenal (HNE) is an aldehydic end product of lipid peroxidation which has been detected in vivo in clinical and experimental conditions of chronic liver damage. HNE has been shown to stimulate procollagen type I gene expression and synthesis in human hepatic stellate cells (hHSC) which are known to play a key role in liver fibrosis. In this(More)
Oxidative stress induced by chronic hyperglycemia contributes to cerebrovascular complications in diabetes. Reactive oxygen species activate the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which in turn activates a variety of target genes linked to the development of diabetic complications. Dehydroepiandrosterone, an adrenal steroid, which(More)
Thrombopoietin (TPO), a cytokine that participates in the differentiation and maturation of megakaryocytes, is produced in the liver, but only limited information is available on the biological response of liver-derived cells to TPO. In this study, we investigated whether HepG2 cells express c-Mpl, the receptor for TPO, and whether TPO elicits biological(More)
Amyloid beta peptides (Abeta) may be neurotoxic during the progression of Alzheimer's disease by eliciting oxidative stress. Exposure of neuronally differentiated SK-N-BE cells to Abeta(25-35) fragment as well as to full-length Abeta(1-40) and Abeta(1-42) induces early and time-dependent generation of oxidative stress that has been evaluated by carefully(More)
Reduction of intercellular spaces in the areas of prospective cartilage and bone formation (precartilage condensation) precedes chondrogenesis and may represent an important step in the process of cartilage differentiation during limb skeletogenesis. We have attempted to clarify the role of the microenvironment established during cell condensation, taking(More)
Previous studies have suggested a possible involvement of free radical reactions in the pathogenesis of cholestatic liver injury as well as in the modulation of hepatic fibrogenesis. In this study we investigated whether lipid peroxidation is involved in the development of chronic liver damage induced by long-standing cholestasis. For this purpose we have(More)
Differentiation of hypertrophic chondrocytes to an osteoblast-like phenotype occurs in vivo in the hypertrophic cartilage of chick embryo tibiae underneath early or prospective periosteum and in cartilage around vascular canals. Synthesis of type I collagen by hypertrophic chondrocytes was shown by immunolocalization of the C propeptide. By enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND Liver/kidney microsomal antibody type 1 (LKM1) is the marker of type 2 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and is detected in up to 6% of patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. It recognises linear and conformational epitopes of cytochrome P450IID6 (CYP2D6) and may have liver damaging activity, provided that CYP2D6 is accessible to effector(More)