Gaia Francescato

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BACKGROUND Infants in developing countries require early dietary interventions to prevent nutritional deficiencies, above all protein, energy, iron and zinc. To what extent these interventions may affect the fatty acid (FA) status is still unknown. OBJECTIVES To examine and compare the effects of 2 micronutrient "sprinkles" supplementations (iron 12.5 mg(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess and compare efficacy of two micronutrient sprinkle supplementation on growth, anemia, and iron deficiency in Cambodian infants. METHODS A total of 204 infants aged 6 months and living in Kompong Chhnang Province, Cambodia were randomly assigned to receive daily supplements of either iron (12.5 mg) plus folic acid (150 mug) plus zinc(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether the duration and magnitude of the shunt with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are related to a higher incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or death. STUDY DESIGN A total of 242 infants ≤ 28 weeks gestational age were evaluated retrospectively between 2007 and 2012; 105 (43.3%) developed BPD or died (group 1) and 137(More)
We report a case of familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD), a rare genetic autosomal-recessive disorder with typical hyperpigmentation of the skin and mucous membranes, severe hypoglycaemia, occasionally leading to seizures and coma, feeding difficulties, failure to thrive and infections. A newborn child was admitted, on his second day of life, to our(More)
BACKGROUND Biochemical predictors of infants' growth changes are not available. OBJECTIVES We tested whether retinol-binding protein (RBP), docosahexaenoic acid and insulin (I) measured within 72 h from birth are associated with growth changes in infants born to mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS Fifty-six children, 32 born to(More)
The influence of critical illnesses on adverse outcomes in newborn infants seems to be mediated by nutritional intakes during the first week or few weeks of life. Changes in amounts and ratios of protein and energy, fat quality (medium chain triglycerides, and n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids), maintaining normoglycemia during full or partial(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of the exposure to "The Original Sound" (TOS), an original track composed of different sounds such as fetal heartbeat, breathing, blood flow, and ambience sounds, specifically created for this study, on physiological stability of preterm infants during a 10-d hospitalization. METHODS Thirty-four preterm infants (32-37(More)
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