Gaetano Perchiazzi

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The objective of this study was to compare patient-ventilator interaction during pressure-support ventilation (PSV) and proportional-assist ventilation (PAV) in the course of increased ventilatory requirement obtained by adding a dead space in 12 patients on weaning from mechanical ventilation. With PSV, the level of unloading was provided by setting the(More)
The aim of this study is to assess how analysis of the spectral characteristics of lung sounds can help in detecting lung injury and subsequent recruitment as verified by computed tomography (CT). Lung sounds were recorded at four locations (ventral and dorsal on right and left side) in six ventilated pigs before and after unilateral oleic acid-induced lung(More)
We evaluated 1) the performance of an artificial neural network (ANN)-based technology in assessing the respiratory system resistance (Rrs) and compliance (Crs) in a porcine model of acute lung injury and 2) the possibility of using, for ANN training, signals coming from an electrical analog (EA) of the lung. Two differently experienced ANNs were compared.(More)
UNLABELLED Increased functional residual capacity (FRC) and compliance are two desirable, but seldom measured, effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in mechanically ventilated patients. To assess how these variables reflect the morphological lung perturbations during the evolution of acute lung injury and the morphological changes from altered(More)
BACKGROUND The oleic acid-induced lung injury (OAI) model is considered to represent the early phase of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Its inherent properties are important for the design and the interpretation of interventional studies. The aim of this study was to describe the evolution of morphometric lung changes during OAI using computed(More)
A systematic review, including a meta-analysis, on the timing effects of neuraxial analgesia (NA) on cesarean and instrumental vaginal deliveries in nulliparous women was conducted. Of 20 articles identified, 9 met the inclusion quality criteria (3,320 participants). Cesarean delivery (odds ratio, 1.00; 95% confidence interval, 0.82-1.23) and instrumental(More)
Little is known about the small airways dysfunction in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). By computed tomography (CT) imaging in a porcine experimental model of early ARDS, we aimed at studying the location and magnitude of peripheral airway closure and alveolar collapse under high and low distending pressures and high and low inspiratory oxygen(More)
UNLABELLED In this study we evaluated whether a technology based on artificial neural networks (ANN) could estimate the static compliance (C(RS)) of the respiratory system, even in the absence of an end-inspiratory pause, during continuous mechanical ventilation. A porcine model of acute lung injury was used to provide recordings of different respiratory(More)
Computerized lung sounds analysis offers a new technique to monitor regional ventilation during spontaneous breathing. The purpose of the present study was to assess the acoustic behaviour of the respiratory system in healthy pigs during mechanical ventilation when a positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is applied. Lung sounds were recorded during(More)
Ventilation treatment of acute lung injury (ALI) requires the application of positive airway pressure at the end of expiration (PEEPapp) to avoid lung collapse. However, the total pressure exerted on the alveolar walls (PEEPtot) is the sum of PEEPapp and intrinsic PEEP (PEEPi), a hidden component. To measure PEEPtot, ventilation must be discontinued with an(More)