Gaetano Marverti

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Acquired resistance to cisplatin (cDDP) is a multifactorial process that represents one of the main problems in ovarian cancer therapy. Distamycin A is a minor groove DNA binder whose toxicity has limited its use and prompted the synthesis of derivatives such as NAX001 and NAX002, which have a carbamoyl moiety and different numbers of pyrrolamidine groups.(More)
BACKGROUND 5-fluorouracil, a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent, up-regulates expression of human thymidylate synthase (hTS). Several different regulatory mechanisms have been proposed to mediate this up-regulation in distinct cell lines, but their specific contributions in a single cell line have not been investigated to date. We have established the(More)
The effect of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein on the accumulation of cisplatin (DDP) was investigated in DDP-sensitive and -resistant human 2008 ovarian carcinoma cell lines. DDP accumulation after a 1-h exposure was maximally increased by concurrent 40 micrometer genistein. The maximal stimulation of accumulation was observed after 2 h of total(More)
The presence of polyamines is required for the apoptotic program triggered by 2-deoxy-D-ribose (dRib) in HL-60 cells, but their oxidative metabolites does not appear to be involved in the oxidative stress caused by the sugar. The present study points to a relationship between spermidine-induced G1 to S phase transition and the onset of dRib-induced(More)
The growth inhibition that occurs in cisplatin-sensitive 2008 human ovarian cancer cells in response to the spermine analogue, N1,N12-bis(ethyl)spermine (BESpm), is associated with a potent induction of spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase (SSAT), the rate-limiting enzyme in polyamine catabolism. Conversely, in cisplatin-resistant C13* cells, which are(More)
Cisplatin (DDP)-resistance confers a deficient expression of spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT) gene in response to the spermine analog N(1),N(12)-bis(ethyl)spermine (BESpm) in the DDP-resistant human ovarian carcinoma cell line (C13*), compared with their parental DDP-sensitive 2008 cells. This SSAT gene deficiency is correlated with a(More)
Our previous studies demonstrated that intracellular polyamine depletion blocked HL-60 cell apoptosis triggered by exposure to 2-deoxy-d-ribose (dRib). Here, we have characterized the intracellular events underlying the apoptotic effects of dRib and the involvement of polyamines in these effects. Treatment of HL-60 cells with dRib induces loss of(More)
The cellular effects of a novel DNA-intercalating agent, the bipyridyl complex of platinum(II) with diphenyl thiourea, [Pt(bipy)(Ph2-tu)2]Cl2, has been analyzed in the cisplatin (cDDP)—sensitive human ovarian carcinoma cell line, 2008, and its—resistant variant, C13* cells, in which the highest accumulation and cytotoxicity was found among six related(More)
Six bipyridyl complexes of platinum(II) with thiourea, with different substituents on thiourea moiety [Pt(bipy)(R,R'NCSNR'',R''')(2)]Cl(2) (bipy=2,2'-bipyridine: R=R'=R''=R''' =H; R=Me, R'=R''=R'''=H; R=n-Bu, R'=R''=R'''=H; R=Et, R'=H, R''=Et, R'''=H; R=p-tolyl, R'=R''=R'''=H; R=phenyl, R'=H, R''=phenyl, R'''=H), rationally designed to intercalate into DNA,(More)
The effect of spermine (Sp), a natural polycationic amine, on cisplatin (CDDP) sensitivity and accumulation of a human ovarian CDDP-sensitive cell line (2008) and its resistant variant (C13*) was investigated. Survival was also studied. The C13* cells were approximately 20-fold resistant to CDDP, yet were found to be just as sensitive to Sp as 2008 cells.(More)