Gaetano Marverti

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The effect of spermine (Sp), a natural polycationic amine, on cisplatin (CDDP) sensitivity and accumulation of a human ovarian CDDP-sensitive cell line (2008) and its resistant variant (C13*) was investigated. Survival was also studied. The C13* cells were approximately 20-fold resistant to CDDP, yet were found to be just as sensitive to Sp as 2008 cells.(More)
New curcumin derivatives are synthesized in order to improve chemical properties of curcumin. The aromatic ring glycosylation of curcumin provides more water-soluble compounds with a greater kinetic stability which is a fundamental feature for drug bioavailability. The glycosylation reaction is quite simple, low cost, with high yield and minimum waste. NMR(More)
We investigated the involvement of natural polyamines in HL-60 cell death triggered by exposure to 2-deoxy-D-ribose (dRib). In contrast to previous studies, exogenous polyamines failed to protect HL-60 cells against apoptosis caused by dRib. Moreover, in our experimental conditions, depletion of intracellular levels of putrescine and spermidine by(More)
OBJECTIVE Polyamines have been shown to play a role in the growth and survival of several solid tumors, including ovarian cancer. Intracellular polyamine depletion by the inhibition of biosynthesis enzymes or by the induction of the catabolic pathway leads to antiproliferative effects in many different tumor cell lines. Recent studies showed that the(More)
Acquired resistance to cisplatin (cDDP) is a multifactorial process that represents one of the main problems in ovarian cancer therapy. Distamycin A is a minor groove DNA binder whose toxicity has limited its use and prompted the synthesis of derivatives such as NAX001 and NAX002, which have a carbamoyl moiety and different numbers of pyrrolamidine groups.(More)
The effect of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein on the accumulation of cisplatin (DDP) was investigated in DDP-sensitive and -resistant human 2008 ovarian carcinoma cell lines. DDP accumulation after a 1-h exposure was maximally increased by concurrent 40 micrometer genistein. The maximal stimulation of accumulation was observed after 2 h of total(More)
The results presented here demonstrate that a cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (DDP)-resistant human ovarian-carcinoma cell line is also cross-resistant to the spermine analogue N1,N12-bis(ethyl)spermine (BESPM). We report that C13* cells, which are approximately 20-fold resistant to DDP, similarly showed 7-fold resistance to BESPM by colony-forming assay(More)
The growth inhibition that occurs in cisplatin-sensitive 2008 human ovarian cancer cells in response to the spermine analogue, N1,N12-bis(ethyl)spermine (BESpm), is associated with a potent induction of spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase (SSAT), the rate-limiting enzyme in polyamine catabolism. Conversely, in cisplatin-resistant C13* cells, which are(More)
The in vitro mechanism by which polyamines affect protein kinase C (PK C) activation process was investigated in a reconstituted system consisting of purified enzyme and phospholipid vesicles of various phosphatidylserine content. It was found that the addition of spermine greatly interferes with the association of PK C to liposomes. This tetramine, at(More)
Exposure of HL-60 cells to millimolar levels of spermine resulted in the inhibition of cell growth. Flow cytometry revealed that the addition of exogenous spermine prevented the accumulation of cells in the S and G2/M phases of the cell cycle as observed in the control cells. High intracellular levels of spermine completely suppressed the early onset of(More)