Gaetano Facchini

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PURPOSE CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are implicated in the metastatic process of malignant tumors. However, no data are currently available on the biological relationship between these molecules in colorectal cancer. We studied whether CXCR4 and VEGF expression could predict relapse and evaluated in vitro(More)
CXCR4 is a chemokine receptor implicated in the metastatic process. The CXCR4 ligand, CXCL12, was shown to bind also the CXCR7 receptor, a recently deorphanized chemokine receptor whose signalling pathway and function are still controversial. This study was conducted to determine patients clinic-pathological factors and outcome according to the expressions(More)
We present a prospective study on the long-term efficacy of percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) treatment of a large series of symptomatic thyroid cystic nodules (STCN). Ninety-eight patients (72 females and 26 males) were treated. The mean basal volume of the STCN was 35.3 mL. In 92 of 98 patients PEI treatment induced a greater than 50% nodule shrinkage,(More)
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is notoriously chemoresistant; up until recently, immunotherapy (in particular interferon-alpha) has represented the treatment of choice. The understanding of the biology of RCC has resulted in the development of targeted therapies. In particular, multikinase inhibitors (sunitinib, sorafenib, axitinib, pazopanib),(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most common type of ovarian cancer; usually occurs in women older than 50years, and because 75% of cases are diagnosed at stage III or IV it is associated with a poor prognosis. Treatment of ovarian cancer is based on the integration of surgery and chemotherapy. Chemotherapy plays a major role both in the adjuvant treatment(More)
Paclitaxel and vinorelbine are among the most active new agents in metastatic breast cancer. Both in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that the combined administration of these two microtubule-targeting agents is feasible and worthwhile. Based on the promising preclinical data, patients with metastatic breast cancer no longer amenable to conventional(More)
Gemcitabine and paclitaxel are among the most active new agents in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and are worth considering for second-line chemotherapy. In this phase I-II study, we combined gemcitabine and paclitaxel for second-line treatment of advanced NSCLC. Gemcitabine doses were kept fixed at 1000 mg/m2 on day 1 and 8, and paclitaxel doses were(More)
Interferon-a (IFN-a) is currently the most used cytokine in the treatment of cancer. However, the potential anti-tumour activity of IFN-a is limited by the activation of tumour resistance mechanisms. In this regard, we have shown that IFN-a, at growth inhibitory concentrations, enhances the EGF-dependent Ras-->Erk signalling and decreases the adenylate(More)
Urinary bladder cancer is a common malignancy in industrialized countries. More than 90% of bladder cancer originates in the transitional cells. Bladder transitional cancer prognosis is, according to the most recent definition related to the level of tumor infiltration, characterized by two main phenotypes, Non Muscle Invasive Bladder Transitional Cancer(More)
Serum cancer antigen 125 (CA125) is widely used in ovarian cancer to monitor the effectiveness of therapy both in first line and recurrence. It is also widely used during follow-up, where it is able to identify a percentage of patients with asymptomatic recurrence. Although a recent Medical Research Council (UK)/European Organisation for Research and(More)