Gaetano Di Bari

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Manganese (Mn) is an environmental contaminant and its overexposure contributes to the pathophysiological processes of numerous disorders of the central nervous system in humans with mechanisms of action not completely understood. Activation of astrocytes and the subsequent release of neurotoxic factors have been implicated to contribute to(More)
Although the secondary transmission of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is preventable through vaccination, it is not known whether the vaccination of household contacts is feasible. To this end, we conducted a prospective cohort study among the household contacts, 40 years of age or less, of all persons infected with primary HAV infection (index cases)(More)
Marine natural products extracted from sponges represent a new source for drug discovery. Here we describe a simple method for preparing aqueous extracts from 7 Mediterranean demosponges, which allowed the extraction of water-soluble compounds, such as proteins by homogenization of sponge tissue in phosphate buffered saline (PBS). The comparative analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Proteolytic enzymes have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) for both their ability to degrade myelin proteins and for their presence in MS plaques.In this study we investigated whether interferon-beta (IFN-β) could differently modulate the activity and the expression of proteolytic activities against myelin basic(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether water soluble compounds present in aqueous extracts from seven Mediterranean demosponges exert biological activity towards matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which represent important pathogenic factors of human diseases. Aqueous extracts were tested on LPS-activated cultured rat astrocytes, and levels and(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) released by glial cells are important mediators of neuroinflammation and neurologic damage in HIV infection. The use of antiretroviral drugs able to combat the detrimental effect of chronic inflammation and target the exaggerated MMP activity might represent an attractive therapeutic challenge. Recent studies(More)
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