Gaetana Napolitano

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Aim of the present study was to test, by vitamin E treatment, the hypothesis that muscle adaptive responses to training are mediated by free radicals produced during the single exercise sessions. Therefore, we determined aerobic capacity of tissue homogenates and mitochondrial fractions, tissue content of mitochondrial proteins and expression of factors(More)
We studied vitamin E effects on metabolic changes and oxidative damage elicited by swim training in rat liver. Training reduced mitochondrial aerobic capacity but increased liver content of mitochondrial proteins, so that tissue aerobic capacity was not different in trained and sedentary animals. Vitamin E supplementation prevented the training-induced(More)
Although it is well known that hypoxemia induces pulmonary vasoconstriction and vascular remodeling, due to the proliferation of both vascular smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts, the effects of hypoxemia on airway smooth muscle cells are not well characterized. The present study was designed to assess the in vitro effects of hypoxia (1 or 3% O(2)) on rat(More)
We have reassessed the possible role of the adhesion molecule ICAM-1 in the pathogenesis of thyroid autoimmunity. In order to do that, we have investigated its expression in eight Graves' thyroids both in vivo (i.e. on cryostat sections and on cell suspensions), and in vitro (i.e. on cells cultured in monolayers for 3 days), and the results were compared(More)
We compared the capacity of rat liver and heart mitochondria to remove exogenously produced H2O2, determining their ability to decrease fluorescence generated by H2O2 detector system. In the absence of substrates, liver and heart mitochondria removed H2O2 at similar rates. Respiratory substrate addition increased removal rates, indicating a(More)
Specific tissue responses to thyroid hormone are mediated by the hormone binding to two subtypes of nuclear receptors, TRalpha and TRbeta. We investigated the relationship between TRbeta activation and liver oxidative metabolism in hypothyroid rats treated with equimolar doses of triiodothyronine (T(3)) and GC-1, a TRbeta agonist. T(3) treatment produces(More)
We studied the effects of ten-day 1% Galdieria sulphuraria dietary supplementation on oxidative damage and metabolic changes elicited by acute exercise (6-hour swimming) determining oxygen consumption, lipid hydroperoxides, protein bound carbonyls in rat tissue (liver, heart, and muscle) homogenates and mitochondria, tissue glutathione peroxidase and(More)
We investigated whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in heart adaptive responses administering a vitamin E-enriched diet to trained rats. Using the homogenates and/or mitochondria from rat hearts we determined the aerobic capacity, tissue level of mitochondrial proteins, and expression of cytochrome c and factors (PGC-1, NRF-1, and NRF-2)(More)
We investigated thyroid state effect on capacity of rat liver mitochondria to remove exogenously produced H2O2, determining their ability to decrease fluorescence generated by an H2O2 detector system. The rate of H2O2 removal by both non respiring and respiring mitochondria was increased by hyperthyroidism and decreased by hypothyroidism. However, the rate(More)
In both 3,5,3-triiodothyronine (T(3))-induced hyperthyroidism and cold-induced functional hyperthyroidism, the heart displays an increased susceptibility to oxidative challenge in vitro. Hearts from T(3)-treated rats also exhibit an increased susceptibility to ischaemia-reperfusion, a condition that raises free radical production. The present study was(More)