Gaetana Minnone

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Nerve growth factor (NGF) levels are highly increased in inflamed tissues, but their role is unclear. We show that NGF is part of a regulatory loop in monocytes: inflammatory stimuli, while activating a proinflammatory response through TLRs, upregulate the expression of the NGF receptor TrkA. In turn, NGF, by binding to TrkA, interferes with TLR responses.(More)
Mutations in the MLC1 gene, which encodes a protein expressed in brain astrocytes, are the leading cause of MLC, a rare leukodystrophy characterized by macrocephaly, brain edema, subcortical cysts, myelin and astrocyte vacuolation. Although recent studies indicate that MLC1 protein is implicated in the regulation of cell volume changes, the exact role of(More)
Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC) is a rare congenital leukodystrophy characterized by macrocephaly, subcortical cysts and demyelination. The majority of patients harbor mutations in the MLC1 gene encoding for a membrane protein with largely unknown function. Mutations in MLC1 hamper its normal trafficking and distribution in(More)
The role of Interleukin(IL)-6 in the pathogenesis of joint and systemic inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (s-JIA) has been clearly demonstrated. However, the mechanisms by which IL-6 contributes to the pathogenesis are not completely understood. This study investigates whether IL-6 affects, alone or upon(More)
Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC) is a rare leukodystrophy caused by mutations in the gene encoding MLC1, a membrane protein mainly expressed in astrocytes in the central nervous system. Although MLC1 function is unknown, evidence is emerging that it may regulate ion fluxes. Using biochemical and proteomic approaches to(More)
There is growing interest in the complex relationship between the nervous and immune systems and how its alteration can affect homeostasis and result in the development of inflammatory diseases. A key mediator in cross-talk between the two systems is nerve growth factor (NGF), which can influence both neuronal cell function and immune cell activity. The(More)
Introduction Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine with multiple functions in different pathophysiologic systems. A vast body of evidence suggests a role for IL-6 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a family of transmembrane glycoproteins with conserved extracellular(More)
Results Compared to controls, TrkA mRNA expression was markedly lower in blood MC of JIA patients (p<0.001). TrkA mRNA levels were similarlv low in SF MC of JIA patients. In vitro, we show that addition of NGF down-regulates IL-6 and IL-1 production and increases IL-10. Blocking the receptor TrkA resulted in enhanced activation of the NF-kB pathway, in(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the role of mature nerve growth factor (mNGF), its immature form proNGF and their receptors in arthritis inflammation. METHODS Real-time PCR, western blot and ELISA were performed to evaluate NGF, proNGF, their receptor and cytokine expression in synovial tissue and cells of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and(More)
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