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New members of the order Thermotogales were isolated from nonvolcanically heated geothermal environments, including oil fields and waters of the Great Artesian Basin of Australia, thereby extending their known habitats, previously recognized primarily as volcanic. The hyperthermophilic and thermophilic members of Thermotogales of volcanic origin, together(More)
Wireless networking relies on a fundamental building block, <i>neighbor discovery</i> (ND). The nature of wireless communications, however, makes attacks against ND easy: An adversary can simply replay or relay (wormhole) packets across the network and mislead disconnected nodes into believing that they communicate directly. Such attacks can compromise the(More)
A thermophilic, glucose-fermenting, strictly anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium, strain SEBR 6459T (T = type strain), was isolated from an African oil-producing well. This organism was identified as a member of the genus Thermotoga on the basis of the presence of the typical outer sheath-like structure (toga) and 16S rRNA signature sequences and its ability to(More)
Several members of the order Thermotogales in the domain Bacteria, viz., Thermotoga neapolitana, Thermotoga maritima, Thermosipho africanus, Fervidobacterium islandicum, and Thermotoga strain SEBR 2665, an isolate from an oil well, reduced thiosulfate to sulfide. This reductive process enhanced cellular yields and growth rates of all the members but was(More)
A strictly anaerobic, thermophilic, gram-positive, spore-forming cubacterium designated strain SERB 5268T (T = type strain) was isolated from an oil field at a depth of 2,100 m, where the temperature was 92 degrees C. The cells of this organism were gram-positive, straight, motile rods (0.5 by 2 to 3 microns) with peritrichous flagella. The cells occurred(More)
A strictly anaerobic thiosulfate-reducing bacterium was isolated from a corroding offshore oil well in Congo and was designated strain SEBR 4207T. Pure culture of the strain induced a very active pitting corrosion of mild steel, with penetration rates of up to 4 mm per year. This constitutes the first experimental evidence of the involvement of thiosulfate(More)
A strictly anaerobic, halotolerant, spindle-shaped rod, designated strain SEBR 4211T, was isolated from an African saline oil-producing well. Cells stain Gram-positive, which was confirmed by electron microscopy observations. Strain SEBR 4211T was motile by means of one to four peritrichous flagella, had a G+C content of 43 mol% and grew optimally at 37(More)
A strictly anaerobic, moderately halophilic, Gram-negative, non-motile rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from an oil-well head sample of an offshore Congolese oil field. The strain, designated SEBR 4224T (T = type strain), grew optimally at 42 degrees C and pH 7.0 in a complex medium containing 10% NaCl with a generation time of 2.5 h. Strain SEBR 4224T(More)
Wireless networking relies on a fundamental building block, neighbor discovery (ND). However, the nature of wireless communications makes attacks against ND easy: an adversary can simply replay or relay (wormhole) packets across the network and mislead disconnected nodes they communicate directly. Such attacks can compromise the overlying protocols and(More)
Biodiversity screening and directed evolution are two fruitful complementary approaches for the discovery and design of novel biocatalysts. A new technology for directed evolution, L-Shuffling, has been designed and patented by Proteus. L-Shuffling technology offers several competitive advantages over other technologies including (i) directed evolution of(More)
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