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OBJECTIVE To investigate whether global and regional beta-amyloid (Abeta) burden as measured with 11C Pittsburgh compound B (PIB) PET is associated with hippocampal atrophy characterized using MRI in healthy controls and patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) or Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS Ninety-two elderly healthy controls, 32(More)
The 'preclinical' phase of Alzheimer's disease is a future target for treatment, but additional research is essential to understand the relationship between β-amyloid burden and cognition during this time. We investigated this relationship using a large sample of apparently healthy older adults (N=177), which also enabled examination of whether the(More)
Revised diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer disease (AD) acknowledge a key role of imaging biomarkers for early diagnosis. Diagnostic accuracy depends on which marker (i.e., amyloid imaging, ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose [FDG]-PET, SPECT, MRI) as well as how it is measured ("metric": visual, manual, semiautomated, or automated segmentation/computation). We evaluated(More)
Olfactory deficits and increased amyloid-β (Aβ) burden are observed in people with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI); both factors may be predictive of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We explored whether olfactory identification is related to in vivo measures of Aβ burden using Pittsburgh Compound B (PiB) PET. Nineteen control, 24 aMCI, and 20 AD(More)
Previous neuroimaging studies in the visual domain have shown that neurons along the perceptual processing pathway retain the physical properties of written words, faces, and objects. The aim of this study was to reveal the existence of similar neuronal properties within the human auditory cortex. Brain activity was measured using functional magnetic(More)
IMPORTANCE β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition is one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer disease. Aβ deposition accelerates gray matter atrophy at early stages of the disease even before objective cognitive impairment is manifested. Identification of at-risk individuals at the presymptomatic stage has become a major research interest because it will allow early(More)
Musical memory is considered to be partly independent from other memory systems. In Alzheimer's disease and different types of dementia, musical memory is surprisingly robust, and likewise for brain lesions affecting other kinds of memory. However, the mechanisms and neural substrates of musical memory remain poorly understood. In a group of 32 normal young(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) data are commonly analyzed in terms of regional intensity, while covariant information is not taken into account. Here, we searched for network correlates of healthy cognitive function in resting state PET data. PET with [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose and a test of verbal working memory (WM) were administered to 35 young(More)
INTRODUCTION The utility of the Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for amyloid imaging is not established. METHODS Fifty-three cognitively impaired patients with clinical F18-florbetapir imaging were classified as early and late onset, as well as AUC-consistent or AUC-inconsistent. Chi-square statistics and t test were used to compare demographic(More)
I am a psychologist and neuroscientist interested in understanding the neural mechanisms that shape our social emotions in adaptive ways. In this endeavor, I combine methods from psychology, neuroscience, and economy. In my doctoral research under the supervision of Prof. Tania Singer I investigated neural, behavioral, and emotional plasticity induced by(More)