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Agmatine treatment is known to exert neuroprotective effects in several models of neurotoxic and ischemic brain and spinal cord injuries. Here we sought to find out whether agmatine treatment would also prove to be neuroprotective in the mouse 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) model of Parkinson's disease. Concomitant daily treatment(More)
Treatment with agmatine, decarboxylated arginine, proved to be non-toxic and to exert neuroprotective effects in several models of neurotoxic and ischemic brain and spinal cord injuries. Here we sought to find out whether agmatine treatment would also prove beneficial in a rat spinal cord ischemia model (balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta bellow the(More)
The study describes stress-induced changes in high-affinity uptake and release of glutamate by synaptosomal preparations from several regions of rat brain. The results demonstrate that restraint stress can lead to increased glutamate uptake and release in limbic forebrain regions (frontal cortex, hippocampus and septum) but not in the striatum. The increase(More)
The olfactory tubercle of adult rats was examined for the development of collateral sprouts from intrinsic dopaminergic axons following unilateral olfactory bulbectomy. In the ipsilateral tubercle tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity began to increase by 10-14 days following the lesion, gradually reaching a maximum of 125% of control (P less than 0.005) by 21(More)
The activity of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) was examined in the rat superior cervical ganglion during development and after postganglionic axotomy. During development the enzyme activity in the ganglion was transiently elevated at 19 days gestation (2 days before birth) and then declined to low adult activities by 5 days after birth. After axotomy the(More)
We have recently reported that inbred Wistar-Kyoto rats which are highly reactive to stressful stimuli, have a much shorter mean life-span (21.5) compared to the less reactive Brown-Norway rats (31.0 +/- 4.5 months). In the present study we found a reduction in forebrain cholinergic neurotransmission indices in 24-month-old Wistar-Kyotos but not in(More)
Treatment of adult rats with specific inhibitors of polyamine synthesizing enzymes prevented the early increase in ornithine decarboxylase activity and polyamine content in the superior cervical ganglion after the postganglionic nerve was cut. Moreover, after axotomy, this treatment led to a marked diminution of the chromatolytic response with a marked(More)
The activity of choline kinase (CK) was examined in the rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) during development and following postganglionic axotomy. The highest specific enzyme activity (nmol phosphorylcholine/mg protein/h) 52 +/- 8, is observed 5 d before birth, then it rapidly decreases by about 50%, reaching at the day of birth levels observed in the(More)
To determine the source of glutamatergic input to the septum and to the nucleus accumbens septi, glutamate uptake was assessed after transections of the frontal cortex and/or fornix. Uptake in the septum and accumbens was reduced by 25 and 30% respectively, 6 days after bilateral frontal cortex transections. Both indices returned to control levels 30 days(More)
Inbred Wistar-Kyoto rats which are behaviorally more reactive to stress have a shorter life span than Brown-Norway rats. This is paralleled by higher basal activity and more pronounced changes in the septohippocampal cholinergic system of Wistar-Kyotos after stress. Age- and strain-dependent differences were therefore characterized in the septohippocampal(More)