Gad M. Gilad

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Agmatine is a naturally occurring guanidino compound, found in bacteria and plants, with several proposed nervous system-related functions suggestive of beneficial effects in central nervous system injury. Here evidence is presented that agmatine can exert potent neuroprotection in both in vitro and in vivo rodent models of neurotoxic and ischemic brain(More)
Agmatine (decarboxylated arginine) has been known as a natural product for over 100 years, but its biosynthesis in humans was left unexplored owing to long-standing controversy. Only recently has the demonstration of agmatine biosynthesis in mammals revived research, indicating its exceptional modulatory action at multiple molecular targets, including(More)
Agmatine treatment is known to exert neuroprotective effects in several models of neurotoxic and ischemic brain and spinal cord injuries. Here we sought to find out whether agmatine treatment would also prove to be neuroprotective in the mouse 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) model of Parkinson’s disease. Concomitant daily treatment(More)
Treatment with agmatine, decarboxylated arginine, proved to be non-toxic and to exert neuroprotective effects in several models of neurotoxic and ischemic brain and spinal cord injuries. Here we sought to find out whether agmatine treatment would also prove beneficial in a rat spinal cord ischemia model (balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta bellow the(More)
Changes in high affinity [3H]choline uptake, newly synthesized [3H]acetylcholine release and [3H]quinuclidinylbenzilate (QNB) binding were characterized in crude synaptosomal preparations from rat hippocampus immediately after different intervals of immobilization stress and at different times following chronic intermittent stress (2h once daily for 5(More)
We have previously demonstrated that administration of the polyamines putrescine, spermidine, or spermine can prevent neuronal degeneration in rats during naturally occurring cell death or after injurious treatments such as nerve injury or monosodium glutamate neurotoxicity. The present study demonstrates that also in adult gerbils polyamine treatment can(More)
In spite of their abundance, the function of PAs in the adult nervous system remains enigmatic. It is postulated that after trauma, the induction of polyamine metabolism (i.e. the polyamine response), which is inherently transient, is an integral part of a protective biochemical program that is essential for neuronal survival. Several functions ascribed to(More)
Synaptosomal preparations from rat hippocampus were incubated with methylprednisolone or adrenocorticotropin. High affinity choline uptake was not affected by either hormones. Methylprednisolone however enhanced newly synthesized acetylcholine release in the presence of high potassium or acetylcholine concentrations, while adrenocorticotropin had no effect.(More)
The study describes stress-induced changes in high-affinity uptake and release of glutamate by synaptosomal preparations from several regions of rat brain. The results demonstrate that restraint stress can lead to increased glutamate uptake and release in limbic forebrain regions (frontal cortex, hippocampus and septum) but not in the striatum. The increase(More)
To determine the source of glutamatergic input to the septum and to the nucleus accumbens septi, glutamate uptake was assessed after transections of the frontal cortex and/or fornix. Uptake in the septum and accumbens was reduced by 25 and 30% respectively, 6 days after bilateral frontal cortex transections. Both indices returned to control levels 30 days(More)