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Genome instability is a characteristic of cancer and aging, and is a hallmark of the premature aging disorder Werner syndrome (WS). Evidence suggests that the Werner syndrome protein (WRN) contributes to the maintenance of genome integrity through its involvement in DNA repair. In particular, biochemical evidence indicates a role for WRN in base excision(More)
The NGF family of neurotrophins has a crucial role in regulating neuron numbers during vertebrate development. Six years ago the prediction was made that invertebrates with simple nervous systems, such as Caenorhabditis elegans, would lack neurotrophins. Surprisingly, it now appears that not only C. elegans but also Drosophila melanogaster, lack homologs of(More)
Trophic survival mechanisms are crucial for the determination of cell numbers in the developing vertebrate nervous system, but important neurotrophic factor families such as the neurotrophins have not yet been found in either Drosophila or C. elegans. Two independent studies on distinct glial populations in Drosophila have now shown that their survival is(More)
The trk family of receptor tyrosine kinases is crucial for neuronal survival in the vertebrate nervous system, however both C. elegans and Drosophila lack genes encoding trks or their ligands. The only invertebrate representative of this gene family identified to date is Ltrk from the mollusk Lymnaea. Did trophic functions of trk receptors originate early(More)
The Cockayne syndrome B (CSB) protein--defective in a majority of patients suffering from the rare autosomal disorder CS--is a member of the SWI2/SNF2 family with roles in DNA repair and transcription. We demonstrate herein that purified recombinant CSB and the major human apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease, APE1, physically and functionally interact.(More)
BACKGROUND The Werner protein (WRN), defective in the premature aging disorder Werner syndrome, participates in a number of DNA metabolic processes, and we have been interested in the possible regulation of its function in DNA repair by post-translational modifications. Acetylation mediated by histone acetyltransferases is of key interest because of its(More)
WRN belongs to the RecQ family of DNA helicases and it plays a role in recombination, replication, telomere maintenance and long-patch base excision repair. Here, we demonstrate that WRN efficiently unwinds DNA substrates containing a 1-nucleotide gap in the translocating DNA strand, but when the gap size is increased to 3-nucleotides unwinding activity(More)
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