Gaby Pfeifer

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People with grapheme-color synesthesia perceive enriched experiences of colors in response to graphemes (letters, digits). In this study, we examined whether these synesthetes show a generic associative memory advantage for stimuli that do not elicit a synesthetic color. We used a novel between group design (14 young synesthetes, 14 young, and 14 older(More)
A total of 63 laterally situated partial clefts of the lip were studied. The biopsies obtained during the first operation were evaluated histologically. With a special stain, the fibre of the orbicularis oris muscle were demonstrated and their arrangement in relation to the cleft lip was recorded. The results indicate a close relationship between type and(More)
The representational account of memory envisages perception and memory to be on a continuum rather than in discretely divided brain systems [Bussey, T. J., & Saksida, L. M. Memory, perception, and the ventral visual-perirhinal-hippocampal stream: Thinking outside of the boxes. Hippocampus, 17, 898-908, 2007]. We tested this account using a novel(More)
This study examined the effects of extraversion and neuroticism on participants' reported vividness of visual imagery and on their memory performance for concrete and abstract nouns. Groups of extraverts (n = 15) and introverts (n = 15) were selected from a larger original sample and asked to remember a series of concrete and abstract nouns, including a set(More)
In the choice of anaesthetics and techniques the danger of a possible progressive increase of intracranial pressure (ICP) should be considered. Therefore the influence of intravenous anaesthetic agents on mean arterial pressure, ICP, and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in patients with primarily increased ICP was observed under standard conditions for(More)
The effect of Etomidate on central sympathetic activity, respiration and circulation were studied in animals at rest and under asphyctic conditions. The doses used were 0.15, 0.3 and 0.6 milligrams/kilogram bodyweight. Injection of the drug into animals at rest caused excitation lasting for about 10 seconds and then lowering of sympathetic activity by about(More)
A total of 353 children with cleft lips and palates were examined with regard to the morphology of the tissue surrounding the clefts in the lip, jaw, and palate. Photographs, radiograms (panoramic views of the maxilla), and study models were taken prior to operation. Results indicate a close relationship between the degree and condition of the cleft and the(More)
The value of artificial respiration for the bridging of crises in patients with myasthenia gravis is emphasized on some typical cases. Further use, beyond a life-saving indication, for limited periods is described. Such relative indications may exist, when there is not yet complete respiratory failure but when a worsening of myasthenic weakness or(More)
Haemodynamic studies were carried out in 12 patients who had sustained severe head injury. Radial artery pressure(AP), pulmonary artery pressure(PAP), central venous pressure(CVP), and pulmonary wedge pressure(PAWP) were directly measured. Heart rate was monitored from the ECG, and cardiac output (CO) was measured intermittently by the thermodilution(More)
In 131 cases of craniocerebral trauma it was shown in what respect definite changes in the lungs, demonstrated by clinical course, radiographs and blood gas analyses, occurred in proportion to the severity of the trauma. The causes of these changes were considered and the possibility of complicating the course of the illness by administering oxygen in high(More)
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