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The aim of this study was to compare the relative bioavailability and the pharmacokinetic profile of a single oral dose of a zolpidem modified-release (MR) 12.5-mg formulation with those of the standard 10-mg zolpidem immediate-release (IR) formulation. Absolute bioavailabilities of oral formulations were evaluated using intravenously (i.v.) administered(More)
The influence of progabide, a new antiepileptic drug, on the pharmacokinetic profiles of phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine, and valproic acid was evaluated in four separate studies, each including six young healthy volunteers. The pharmacokinetic parameters of the associated antiepileptic drugs were measured before and after repeated administration of(More)
Amisulpride binds selectively to dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptors in the limbic system. Low doses of amisulpride preferentially block presynaptic D(2)/D(3)-dopamine autoreceptors, thereby enhancing dopaminergic transmission, whereas higher doses block postsynaptic receptors, thus inhibiting dopaminergic hyperactivity. Amisulpride is clinically effective on(More)
The effects of high doses of haloperidol on clinical status and plasma neuroleptic and prolactin concentrations and CSF levels of homovanillic acid (HVA) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were investigated in three paranoid schizophrenic patients over six weeks. The patients had been receiving haloperidol. Oral dosages were increased at weekly intervals(More)
Propranolol blood and plasma levels were measured after a single oral dose of 40 mg in patients with chronic renal failure, in patients undergoing regular dialysis treatment, and in healthy volunteers. Peak levels were observed in all cases within 1.5 to 3 hours. However, peak blood and plasma concentrations of propranolol in the chronic renal failure group(More)
1 Desipramine and protriptyline were administered to anaesthetized rats by two consecutive intravenous infusions in order to obtain a peak level (first infusion) followed by lower steady state concentrations (second infusion) (Wagner, 1974). Theoretical plasma level time courses were confirmed experimentally.2 Desipramine and protriptyline were measured in(More)
The distribution and kinetics of D,L-propranolol in rat brain were examined after an intravenous injection of the drug. Measurements in brain areas and blood were performed by means of a sensitive and specific gas liquid chromatographic method. The disappearance rate in cortical areas paralleled that in blood. However D,L-propranolol decreased at a slower(More)
Zolpidem is an imidazopyridine which binds specifically to the omega 1 receptor. Zolpidem demonstrated potent hypnotic activity at a dose of 10 mg. Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of zolpidem were studied after daytime administration in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial. Single doses of zolpidem (10 mg IV as a 3-min(More)