Gabrielle L. McLemore

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Previous studies have shown that moderate to high levels of chlorpyrifos (CPF) alter cognitive function in adult and immature rats. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that lower-level exposure to CPF before or immediately after weaning causes deficits in cognitive function. A total of 78 Long-Evans rats were injected subcutaneously with 0, 0.3(More)
In rodents, noncompetitive and competitive NMDA receptor antagonists have been shown to attenuate and, in some cases, reverse tolerance to the analgesic effects of morphine. However, the ability of these same excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor antagonists to modulate morphine dependence is controversial, and very little is known about the role of AMPA(More)
Antagonists of the NMDA type of excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor attenuate or reverse the development of tolerance to the analgesic effects of the mu opioid agonist morphine, the delta-1 opioid agonist DPDPE but not the kappa-1 agonist U50,488H or the kappa-3 agonist naloxone benzoylhydrazone. The role of the AMPA subtype of EAA receptor in analgesic(More)
Pharmacological data from several laboratories support a modulatory role for the delta opioid receptor in morphine analgesia, tolerance, and physical dependence. We examined the role of the delta opioid receptor in these processes using an in vivo antisense strategy in mice. Intracerebroventricular administration of a 20mer antisense or a mismatch control(More)
AIM To determine the dopaminergic system involvement in precipitated cannabinoid withdrawal syndrome. METHODS The dopamine D1 receptor antagonist SCH23390 or the dopamine D2 receptor antagonist sulpiride was administered to rats chronically treated with either delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or vehicle. Subjects were then injected with either SR141716A(More)
We compared the responsiveness of both the vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) magnocellular systems to osmotic stimulation during pregnancy and lactation to determine if changes in thresholds and sensitivities were similar for both neuropeptides. Virgin, pregnant (day 20), and lactating (day 6) Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with a hypertonic NaCl(More)
To define changes in the magnocellular neuroendocrine system during lactation and pregnancy, we compared plasma levels of oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) after polyethylene glycol (PEG)-induced hypovolemia and cholecystokinin (CCK) stimulation. Conscious virgin, pregnant (day 20), and lactating (day 6) Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with either PEG(More)
Receptor autoradiography and membrane radioligand-binding assays were used to determine the expression of nicotinic cholinergic receptors in the brains of weanling rats exposed to low-levels of lead (Pb) during development. Nicotinic receptors were identified with the frog toxin epibatidine (EB) that binds with high affinity to a variety of receptors(More)
Hypoxic chemosensitivity of peripheral arterial chemoreceptors and the ventilatory response to O2 deprivation increases with postnatal development. Multiple putative neurotransmitters, which are synthesized in the carotid body (CB), are thought to mediate signals generated by hypoxia. Acetylcholine (ACh) is believed to be a major excitatory neurotransmitter(More)
Hypoxic chemosensitivity of the peripheral arterial chemoreceptors in the carotid body is developmentally regulated. Essential neural elements of the chemotransducing unit in the carotid body consist of the Type I cell that depolarizes and releases neurotransmitters in response to hypoxemia and the chemoafferent fibers which form synapses with Type I cells,(More)