Gabrielle Fredman

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Resolution of acute inflammation is an active process that involves the biosynthesis of specialized proresolving lipid mediators. Among them, resolvin D1 (RvD1) actions are mediated by two G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), ALX/FPR2 and GPR32, that also regulate specific microRNAs (miRNAs) and their target genes in novel resolution circuits. We report the(More)
Underlying mechanisms for how bacterial infections contribute to active resolution of acute inflammation are unknown. Here, we performed exudate leukocyte trafficking and mediator-metabololipidomics of murine peritoneal Escherichia coli infections with temporal identification of pro-inflammatory (prostaglandins and leukotrienes) and specialized(More)
Omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid is converted to potent resolvins (Rv) and protectin D1 (PD1), two newly identified families of natural mediators of resolution of inflammation. We report that, in response to bilateral ischemia/reperfusion injury, mouse kidneys produce D series resolvins (RvDs) and PD1. Administration of RvDs or PD1 to mice before the(More)
Resolvin E1 (RvE1) is an omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)-derived lipid mediator generated during resolution of inflammation and in human vasculature via leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions. RvE1 possesses anti-inflammatory and proresolving actions. Here, we report that RvE1 in human whole blood rapidly regulates leukocyte expression of adhesion(More)
During the resolution phase of inflammation, the 'corpses' of apoptotic leukocytes are gradually cleared by macrophages. Here we report that during the resolution of peritonitis, the CCR5 chemokine receptor ligands CCL3 and CCL5 persisted in CCR5-deficient mice. CCR5 expression on apoptotic neutrophils and activated apoptotic T cells sequestered and(More)
Inflammation contributes to many of the characteristics of plaques implicated in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes. Moreover, inflammatory pathways not only regulate the properties of plaques that precipitate acute coronary syndromes but also modulate the clinical consequences of the thrombotic complications of atherosclerosis. This synthesis(More)
Mechanisms controlling resolution of acute inflammation are of wide interest. Here, we investigated microRNAs (miRNAs) in self-limited acute inflammatory exudates and their regulation by resolvin D1 (RvD1). Using real-time PCR analysis, we found in resolving exudates that miR-21, miR-146b, miR-208a, miR-203, miR-142, miR-302d, and miR-219 were selectively(More)
Acute inflammation and its resolution are essential processes for tissue protection and homeostasis. In this context, specialized proresolving mediators derived from polyunsaturated fatty acids are of interest. In this study, we report that resolvin E2 (RvE2) from eicosapentaenoic acid is endogenously produced during self-limited murine peritonitis in both(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid, a major omega-3 fatty acid in human brain, synapses, retina, and other neural tissues, displays beneficial actions in neuronal development, cancer, and inflammatory diseases by mechanisms that remain to be elucidated. In this study we found, using lipid mediator informatics employing liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, that(More)
Excessive inflammation and failed resolution of the inflammatory response are underlying components of numerous conditions such as arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Hence, therapeutics that dampen inflammation and enhance resolution are of considerable interest. In this study, we demonstrate the proresolving activity of sub-100-nm nanoparticles(More)