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The metabolic fate of the dietary isoflavones daidzein and genistein was investigated in human volunteers challenged with soya. Urinary diphenols, isolated by partition chromatography on Sephadex LH-20, were characterized and identified by profile capillary gas chromatography (GC) and electron ionization mass spectrometry (GC-EIMS) analysis of the(More)
In Ireland, the herd prevalence of bovine tuberculosis has remained stable for several decades, and in common with several other countries, progress towards eradication has stalled. There is evidence in support of the potential role of infected badgers (Meles meles, a protected species) in bovine tuberculosis in Ireland and Britain. However, this evidence(More)
The aim of this study was to better understand the metabolic fate of dietary estrogenic isoflavones in humans. Twelve volunteers were challenged with soya flour and urinary levels of the isoflavones daidzein (Da), genistein (Gen), and glycitein (Gly), and the isoflavonoid metabolites equol (Eq) and O-desmethylangolensin (O-Dma) determined by GC and GC-MS.(More)
This study was undertaken to better understand the metabolic fate of dietary isoflavones in humans. Twelve volunteers were challenged with soya flour and urinary diphenol levels were then determined by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The presence of previously described urinary diphenols was confirmed, i.e. the(More)
The thermodilution (TD) method of determining cardiac output (CO) is widely used in clinical practice, but its reliability in this setting is not well understood and may be poor. This is especially true when dealing with unstable patients and using commercial TD devices. Numerous published reports have shown markedly variable results when comparing(More)
PURPOSE Associations between p160 coactivator proteins and the development of resistance to endocrine treatment have been described. We hypothesized that nuclear receptor coregulatory proteins may interact with nonsteroid receptors. We investigated the mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated transcription factors, Ets, as possible interaction proteins(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that increasing the intake of isoflavones by dietary supplementation may produce a therapeutic effect in reducing the incidence and severity of hot flushes in menopausal women. METHODS Fifty-one postmenopausal women were randomized to placebo and active (one tablet per day of a 40-mg isoflavone supplement) groups in a(More)
1,3-beta-D-glucans (glucans) are structural elements in the cell walls of yeast and fungi with immunomodulatory properties, mediated through their ability to activate macrophages. This study assessed the activation of cells of the peritoneal cavity between 3 and 90 days after i.p. injection of particulate yeast glucan differing in molecular weight (MW) and(More)
Acetabular inclination angles have been suggested as a principal determinant of circulating metal ion levels in metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties. We aimed to determine whether inclination angle correlates with ion levels in arthroplasties using the Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) system. Patients undergoing ASR arthroplasties had blood metal ion levels(More)
AIMS The study aimed to investigate the survival characteristics of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in farm water (FW), and in sterile distilled municipal water (SDW), stored outdoors under field conditions, with or without the addition of faeces (1% w/v), in a farmyard shed and the laboratory at 15 degrees C. METHODS AND RESULTS Water samples were inoculated(More)