Gabrielle Bains

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Odorant binding protein (OBP) is the major odorant binding component of mammalian nasal mucosa. The two structures of bovine OBP reported in this paper (one crystallized as purified and one soaked in the presence of a selenium-containing odorant) show that: (i) the OBP dimer is composed of two compact domains related by an approximate two-fold axis of(More)
Unwinding of double-stranded DNA into single-stranded intermediates required for various fundamental life processes is catalyzed by helicases, a family of mono-, di- or hexameric motor proteins fueled by nucleoside triphosphate hydrolysis. The three-dimensional crystal structure of the hexameric helicase RepA encoded by plasmid RSF1010 has been determined(More)
Surface heating modalities are commonly used in physical therapy and physical medicine for increasing circulation, especially in deep tissues, to promote healing. However, recent evidence seems to indicate that in people who are overweight, heat transfer is impaired by the subcutaneous fat layer. The present investigation was conducted on 10 subjects aged(More)
It is demonstrated that isothermal titration calorimetry can be used to determine cooperative interaction energetics even for extremely tight binding processes in which the binding affinity constants are beyond the limits of experimental determination. The approach is based on the capability of calorimetry to measure the apparent binding enthalpy at any(More)
Pennes first described a model of heat transfer through the limb based only on calories delivered from a heat source, calories produced by metabolism and skin blood flow. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a moist versus a dry heat source on the skin in eliciting a blood flow response to add data to this model. Ten subjects were(More)
The energetics of association of wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) with N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and its beta(1,4) oligomers have been measured using isothermal titration calorimetry. Association constants of 0.4, 5.3, 11.1, 12.3, and 19.1 mM-1 and enthalpies of binding of -6.1, -15.6, -19.4, -19.3, and -18.2 kcal mol-1 were obtained at 26 degrees C for the(More)
The targeting of newly-made polypeptides to specific membranes, and the subsequent ability of a membrane to allow only certain polypeptides into its compartment, are essential to maintain the ultrastructure of Eukaryotic cells. Distinct oligomeric protein complexes in each cellular membrane catalyse these translocation processes. A recent report [Hill K et(More)
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