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Among the different families of intracellular molecules that can be modulated during cell damage and repair, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are particularly interesting because they are involved in several intracellular pathways activated by injury and regeneration signals. Despite most of the studies have been performed in non-neurological(More)
Quantification of cutaneous innervation in rat footpad is a useful tool to investigate sensory small-diameter nerve fibers, which are affected early in peripheral neuropathies. The aim of this work was to provide normative reference data on the density of intraepidermal nerve fibers (IENFs) and Langerhans cells in the hindpaw footpad of Sprague-Dawley and(More)
The experimentally induced neurotoxic effects of paclitaxel and docetaxel have never been compared, since no animal models of docetaxel peripheral neurotoxicity have yet been reported. In this experiment, we examined the effect of the chronic administration of these two taxanes in the Wistar rat using neurophysiological, neuropathological and morphometrical(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate whether retinoic acid (RA) differentiated human neuroblastoma (HN) SH-SY5Y cells are a suitable and reliable model to test the neurotoxicity of chemotherapic drugs without the confusing effects of the neurotrophic factors commonly used to induce neuronal differentiation. METHODS Cultures of the SH-SY5Y cell line were exposed to RA to(More)
Bortezomib (BTZ) is the first proteasome inhibitor entered in clinical practice. Peripheral neuropathy is likely to be a class side effect of these drugs, although its severity is largely variable, and it deserves to be further investigated, since the mechanisms of BTZ-induced peripheral neurotoxicity (BiPN) are still unknown.   In our study, we(More)
In this study we evaluated the effect of recombinant human nerve growth factor (rhNGF) on cisplatin (CDDP)-induced sensory neuronopathy in an experimental paradigm in the rat. Young adult female Wistar rats were treated with CDDP (2 mg/kg ip twice weekly for nine times) alone or in combination with rhNGF (1 mg/kg sc on alternate days). The effect of CDDP(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) may have a protective and a curative role in chemotherapy-induced hyperalgesia in vivo, in animal models of cisplatin-, paclitaxel- and vincristine-induced neuropathy. In addition, the possible interaction between ALC and vincristine antineoplastic action was assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
An unsolved question is how platinum derivatives used for solid cancer therapy cause peripheral neuropathy in patients and apoptosis in "in vitro" models of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. DRG neurons from E15 rat embryos were treated with toxic doses of oxaliplatin or cisplatin. Here, the role of MAPKs in neuronal apoptosis was studied. Both(More)
Paclitaxel, an anticancer drug, induces apoptosis in human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y. The addition of trans-resveratrol, a natural antioxidant present in grapes and red wine, to SH-SY5Y cultures exposed to paclitaxel significantly reduces cellular death. The neuroprotective action of trans-resveratrol is due neither to its antioxidant capacity nor to(More)
In previous studies we demonstrated that resveratrol acts in an antiapoptotic manner on the paclitaxel-treated human neuroblastoma (HN) SH-SY5Y cell line inhibiting the apoptotic pathways induced by the antineoplastic drug. In the present study we evaluated the antiapoptotic effect of resveratrol, studying its activity on cell cycle progression. We(More)