Gabriella Lengyel

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Lipid peroxidation (LPO) product accumulation in human tissues is a major cause of tissular and cellular dysfunction that plays a major role in ageing and most age-related and oxidative stress-related diseases. The current evidence for the implication of LPO in pathological processes is discussed in this review. New data and literature review are provided(More)
BACKGROUND In a cross-sectional study we studied the fasting serum DPP-4 enzymatic activity (sDPP-4) and the insulin resistance index (HOMA2-IR) in gliptin naïve patients with type 2 diabetes and in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and in healthy controls (CNTRL). METHODS AND FINDINGS sDPP-4 was measured by kinetic assay in 39 NAFLD (F/M:19/20,(More)
Human blood monocytes normally express the interleukin-6 receptor. Treatment of cultured monocytes with endotoxin, interleukin-1 beta, or interleukin-6 results in a decrease in interleukin-6 receptor mRNA levels. Glucocorticoids aso cause a drop in monocytic interleukin-6 receptor mRNA levels. We also found interleukin-6 receptor expression in cultured(More)
In chronic liver diseases caused by oxidative stress (alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases, drug- and chemical-induced hepatic toxicity), the antioxidant medicines such as silymarin can have beneficial effect. Liver cirrhosis, non-alcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis are risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Insulin resistance(More)
UNLABELLED The ability to predict which patients are most likely to achieve a sustained virologic response (SVR) with peginterferon/ribavirin would be useful in optimizing treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV). The objective of this large international noninterventional cohort study was to investigate the predictive value (PV) of a virologic response (VR)(More)
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of toxic liver diseases and of other hepatic alterations. We summarize the pathomechanism of free radical reactions in liver diseases and the results of experimental and clinical observations. Most of the hepatoprotective drugs belong in the group of free-radical scavengers, their mechanism of(More)
In the treatment of chronic liver diseases adequate therapy can be chosen only in the knowledge of pathogenetic processes. In the liver diseases caused by oxidative stress (alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver and steatohepatitis, drug and compound induced liver toxicity) the antioxidant drugs, like silymarin, in chronic hepatitis caused by hepatitis B(More)
OBJECTIVE The metabolic effects of alcohol are due both to its direct action and to that of its first metabolite, and can also be connected with the changes in redox state. Differences in ethanol distribution, bioavailability and hepatic metabolism can provide insight into the protective and predisposing factors in alcoholism, as well as gender differences(More)
Role of free-radical reactions is most significant in toxic liver injuries. Two traditional groups of liver injuries induced by drugs and chemicals are distinguished, 1. direct toxic type and 2. idiosyncratic type. Liver injury of direct toxic type is generally developed following toxin exposure, it is dose dependent, incubation period is short, and the(More)