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OBJECTIVE To compare EEG power spectra and LORETA-computed intracortical activity between Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and healthy controls, and to correlate the results with cognitive performance in the AD group. METHODS Nineteen channel resting EEG was recorded in 21 mild to moderate AD patients and in 23 controls. Power spectra and intracortical(More)
OBJECTIVES Botulinum toxin injections have become a first line therapeutic approach in cervical dystonia. Nevertheless, published dosing schedules, responder rates, and frequency of adverse events vary widely. The present prospective multicentre placebo controlled double blind dose ranging study was performed in a homogenous group of previously untreated(More)
It is not yet established whether oxidative stress is a major cause of cell death or simply a consequence of an unknown pathogenetic factor. Concerning chronic diseases, as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease are assumed to be, it is possible that a gradual impairment of cellular defense mechanisms leads to cell damage because of toxic substances being(More)
The density of hippocampal adenosine A1 receptors was measured in autopsy samples of six patients with dementia with either Alzheimer (three) or sclerosis type pathology (three) in hippocampus and six control patients. Kinetic parameters (Bmax and KD) were determined by means of quantitative autoradiography using [3H]8-cyclopentyl-1 ,3-dipropylxanthine as a(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study is to investigate the electrocortical and the global cognitive effects of 3 months rivastigmine medication in a group of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Multichannel EEG and cognitive performances measured with the Mini Mental State Examination in a group of 16 patients with mild to(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify the most appropriate test combination for distinguishing between late onset depression (LOD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). To achieve this objective, the Consortium to Establish a Register for Alzheimer's Disease-Neuropsychological Battery (CERAD-NP) data of patients diagnosed with these two conditions were analyzed using multiple(More)
The results of selected clinical research projects related to epidemiological, genetic, pharmacological, kinesiological, and neuroimaging aspects (SPECT, PET, MRI, functional MRI) of basal ganglia disorders such as Parkinson's disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, Multiple System Atrophy and Wilson's disease are summarized. A retrospective(More)
The excitotoxic amino acid domoate causes anterograde amnesia and memory deficits while the excitotoxin L-beta-oxalyl-amino-alanine (L-BOAA) is considered the causative agent of the motoneurone disorder, neurolathyrism. Employing quantitative autoradiography we investigated the potency of domoate and L-BOAA to inhibit [3H]kainate binding in human(More)
In this pilot study, EMG patterns of leg muscle activation were studied in five parkinsonian patients with (B1) and five without (B2) freezing. Gastrocnemius medialis (GM) and tibialis anterior (TA) activity was analysed, by means of surface electromyography (EMG), during treadmill walking at two different belt speeds. Both groups showed reduced GM activity(More)
We evaluated the efficacy of the nonergot dopamine receptor agonist pramipexole in 16 patients with advanced Parkinson's disease and marked rest tremor during an "on" period. The patients were drawn from a larger placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial, which was not originally designed to investigate the effect of pramipexole on tremor. Eleven(More)