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INTRODUCTION Human breast tumors are heterogeneous and consist of phenotypically diverse cells. Breast cancer cells with a CD44+/CD24- phenotype have been suggested to have tumor-initiating properties with stem cell-like and invasive features, although it is unclear whether their presence within a tumor has clinical implications. There is also a large(More)
Current therapies for gliomas often fail to address their infiltrative nature. Conventional treatments leave behind small clusters of neoplastic cells, resulting in eventual tumor recurrence. In the present study, we have evaluated the antitumor activity of neural progenitor cells against gliomas when stereotactically injected into nucleus Caudatus of(More)
BACKGROUND The CD44 cell adhesion molecule is aberrantly expressed in many breast tumors and has been implicated in the metastatic process as well as in the putative cancer stem cell (CSC) compartment. We aimed to investigate potential associations between alternatively spliced isoforms of CD44 and CSCs as well as to various breast cancer biomarkers and(More)
Although estrogen and progesterone play a key role in normal mammary development and in breast cancer, the potential for proliferation and lineage differentiation as well as origin of cells that express the estrogen receptor (ER) in normal breast epithelium are not known. Some evidence suggests that normal human mammary stem/progenitor cells are ER–, but(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastoma are highly aggressive tumors with an average survival time of 12 months with currently available treatment. We have previously shown that specific embryonic neural progenitor cells (NPC) have the potential to target glioma growth in the CNS of rats. The neural progenitor cell treatment can cure approximately 40% of the animals with(More)
Using in vitro and in vivo experimental systems and in situ analysis, we show that growth hormone (GH) is secreted locally by normal human mammary epithelial cells upon progesterone stimulation. GH increases proliferation of a subset of cells that express growth hormone receptor (GHR) and have functional properties of stem and early progenitor cells. In 72%(More)
Characterization of normal breast stem cells is important for understanding their role in breast development and in breast cancer. However, the identity of these cells is a subject of controversy and their localization in the breast epithelium is not known. In this study, we utilized a novel approach to analyze the morphogenesis of mammary lobules, by(More)
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract Introduction Human breast tumors are heterogeneous and consist of phenotypically diverse cells. Breast cancer cells with a CD44 + /CD24-phenotype have been suggested to have tumor-initiating properties with stem cell-like and(More)
Current therapies for gliomas often fail to address their infiltrative nature. Conventional treatments leave behind small clusters of neoplastic cells, resulting in eventual tumor recurrence. In the present study, we have evaluated the antitumor activity of neural progenitor cells against gliomas when stereotactically injected into nucleus Caudatus of(More)
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