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Twelve multiparous Holstein cows (6 ruminally cannulated and 6 intact) at 56 to 77 d of lactation were used in an experiment with a 3 x 6 Latin square design. Cows were fed three total mixed rations that varied in degradation rates of total nonstructural carbohydrates (6.04, 6.98, and 7.94%/h). No interactions between treatment and square were detected.(More)
Twelve Holstein cows in early to midlactation (8 fitted with ruminal cannulas) were used to test the hypothesis that the synchronization of the rate of ruminal degradation of supplemental carbohydrate and N from fresh pasture would increase the amount of N retained for growth and milk production. A concentrate based on ground shelled corn was fed either at(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of measuring feed intake in commercial tie-stall dairies and infer genetic parameters of feed intake, yield, somatic cell score, milk urea nitrogen, body weight (BW), body condition score (BCS), and linear type traits of Holstein cows. Feed intake, BW, and BCS were measured on 970 cows in 11(More)
Forty-three multiparous Holstein cows were used in a completely randomized design to evaluate the effects of protein supplementation and the use of bovine somatotropin (bST; Posilac, Monsanto Co., St. Louis, MO) in late gestation on animal metabolism and productivity in the periparturient period. Treatments were initiated 28 d prior to expected calving date(More)
The objectives of this study were to calculate the heritability of feed efficiency and residual feed intake, and examine the relationships between feed efficiency and other traits of productive and economic importance. Intake and body measurement data were collected monthly on 970 cows in 11 tie-stall herds for 6 consecutive mo. Measures of efficiency for(More)
Three rumen-cannulated Holstein cows in mid to late lactation were randomly assigned to a 3 x 3 Latin square with the following concentrate feeding frequencies: one, two, and four times daily. Cows were fed ad libitum a diet containing 55% corn silage and 45% concentrate (DM basis). The forage portion of the diet was fed twice daily to all cows separately(More)
Four multiparous Holstein cows fitted with rumen and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square with 20-d periods. Four diets were formulated for high and low rumen availabilities of nonstructural carbohydrate and protein. Cows were milked and fed three times daily. Milk production averaged 39 kg/d and was unaffected by treatment. Dry matter intake(More)
Total mixed rations containing 31 or 25% NDF were supplemented with 0 or .5 kg/cow per d Ca salts of fatty acids to study the effect of adding Ca salts of fatty acids to diets that differed in NDF content. Rations were fed for ad libitum intake to 12 early to midlactation Holstein cows in a replicated 4 x 4 Latin square design with a 2 x 2 factorial(More)
Effects of feeding a dry glycerin product (minimal 65% of food grade glycerol, dry powder) to 39 multiparous Holstein dairy cows (19 control and 20 glycerin-supplemented; lactation number = 2.2 +/- 1.3 SD) on feed intake, milk yield and composition, and blood metabolic profiles were investigated. Dry glycerin was fed at 250 g/d as a top dressing(More)
Sixty-five multiparous Holstein cows were used to test the effects of feeding diets of varied ruminal carbohydrate availability during the transition period on dry matter intake, blood metabolites, and lactational performance. Cows received total mixed rations containing either cracked corn or steam-flaked corn beginning 28 d prior to expected calving date.(More)