Learn More
In spinal cord explant cultures from embryonic chicken (E7) we found that both a long-time downregulation of PKC by phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) and an inhibition of PKC by RO-31-8220 strongly reduce neurite outgrowth. Unlike this, in the presence of a high dose of 1,2-dioctanoyl-s,n-glycerol (diC8, 60 microM), PKCalpha,beta isoforms are not(More)
SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma cells were used to study the effect of retinoic acid (RA)-induced differentiation on the expression of gangliosides and neuronal markers. In the presence of 10 microM RA, more than 70% of the cells differentiate to a neuronal phenotype within 8 days. They extend long neuritic processes and show an enhanced immuno-expression of(More)
The monoclonal antibodies TAU-1 and AT8 are directed at human microtubule-associated protein tau epitopes that contain a dephosphorylated and phosphorylated Ser202, respectively, while AT180 and AT270 are anti-tau monoclonals with epitopes that require phosphorylated Thr181 and Thr231, respectively. We used these antibodies to study the developmental(More)
Microtubule-associated tau proteins are hyperphosphorylated in brains from patients with Alzheimer's disease compared with normal adult human brain. At least some of the phosphorylated residues are also transiently phosphorylated in juvenile brain, but not in more mature stages. Using the monoclonal anti-tau antibodies TAU-1 and AT8, we found in cultured(More)
BACKGROUND The individual character of pharmacokinetics is of great importance in the risk assessment of new drug leads in pharmacological research. Amongst others, it is severely influenced by the properties and inter-individual variability of the enzymes and transporters of the drug detoxification system of the liver. Predicting individual drug(More)
Critical size bone defects and non-union fractions are still challenging to treat. Cell-loaded bone substitutes have shown improved bone ingrowth and bone formation. However, a lack of methods for homogenously colonizing scaffolds limits the maximum volume of bone grafts. Additionally, therapy robustness is impaired by heterogeneous cell populations after(More)
In SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, addition of acetylcholine or carbachol rapidly induces a transient protrusion of lamellipodia. The protrusions appear after a delay of 30 sec and persist for a period of about 5 min at the margins of cell somata and at the distal parts of cell processes. They are caused by a strikingly increased, cytochalasin(More)
Immunoblots from embryonic chicken optic lobes (midbrain) and spinal cord were found to contain different proteins with a molecular weight between 45 and 70 kDa that are recognized by monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed at human tau proteins. Each appears as a doublet on SDS-PAGE. The upper, slower migrating bands were recognized by AT8, a monoclonal(More)
Spinal cord explants from embryonic day seven (E7) chicken embryos were cultured without serum and in the presence of aprotinine, in a three-dimensional fibrin matrix. These conditions promote a robust, radial, unfasciculated outgrowth of neurites that are tipped by elaborate growth cones. Routinely after 5 days, the neurite outgrowth intensity (NOI) was(More)
  • 1