Gabriele Ugolini

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A pseudorabies virus (PrV) mutant, deficient in the nonessential glycoprotein E (gE) and expressing the LacZ gene (gE- beta gal+ PrV), and its rescued virus were inoculated intranasally in mice. The median lethal dose of gE- beta gal+ PrV was similar to that of the parental Kaplan strain, but mice survived longer and did not develop symptoms of(More)
During adulthood, the neurotrophin Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) sensitizes nociceptors, thereby increasing the response to noxious stimuli. The relationship between NGF and pain is supported by genetic evidence: mutations in the NGF TrkA receptor in patients affected by an hereditary rare disease (Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic Neuropathy type IV, HSAN IV)(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is involved in pain transduction mechanisms and plays a key role in many persistent pain states, notably those associated with inflammation. On this basis, both the NGF ligand and its receptor TrkA (tyrosine kinase A) represent an eligible target for pain therapy. Although the direct involvement of NGF in pain modulation is well(More)
The propagation of pseudorabies virus (PrV) mutants deficient in essential glycoproteins gp50 and gII was studied after inoculation of transcomplemented gp50- and gII- PrV into the motor hypoglossal (XII) nerves of mice. In this model, viral spread from the infected XII motoneurons involves specific transneuronal transfer to connected cells and local,(More)
Pathological changes in the microtubule associated protein tau are a major hallmark of many human dementias collectively defined as tauopathies. In familiar frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17), several mutations in the tau gene have been identified showing that primary malfunction of tau can lead to neurodegeneration.(More)
The propagation of pseudorabies virus (PrV) in the mouse nervous system was studied after intranasal inoculation of a PrV mutant expressing beta-galactosidase after insertion of the Escherichia coli Lac-Z gene into the gene encoding the nonstructural, nonessential glycoprotein gG. This allowed rapid detection of infected cells by a single step reaction with(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) has a great potential for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. However, the therapeutic administration of NGF represents a significant challenge, due to the difficulty to deliver relevant doses to the brain, in a safe and non-invasive way. We previously demonstrated the efficacy of a non-invasive delivery of NGF to the brain in(More)
Herpetic retinitis in humans is characterized by a high frequency of bilateral localization. In order to determine the possible mechanisms leading to bilateral retinitis, we studied the pathways by which herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is propagated from one retina to the other after intravitreal injection in mice. HSV-1 strain SC16 (90 p.f.u.) was(More)
Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) signalling is mediated by the TrkA and p75NTR receptors. Besides its neurotrophic and survival activities, NGF displays a potent pro-nociceptive activity. Recently, a missense point mutation was found in the NGFB gene (C661T, leading to the aminoacid substitution R100W) of individuals affected by a form of hereditary loss of pain(More)
PURPOSE To identify possible neuronal pathways leading to herpetic ocular disease after primary oral infection in mice. METHODS The SC16 strain of herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 (10(6) plaque-forming units) was injected into the mucocutaneous border of the left upper lip. Animals were killed 2 to 10 days postinoculation (DPI). Spread of the virus in neural(More)