Gabriele Schmutzer

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The German short version of "Profile of Mood States" (POMS) was psychometrically tested in a representative sample (1009 subjects in Eastern Germany and 1034 subjects in Western Germany). The 35 items (7 point scale, instruction "How you have been feeling during the past 24 hours?") form the following scales: Depression/Anxiety, Fatigue, Vigor, Hostility.(More)
Over these past years, German researchers have shown much interest for Costa and McCrae's five factor model as well as for their instrument: the NEO-Five-Factor Inventory . Nevertheless, results from a recent survey study using the German version of the NEO-FFI on a representative population sample (n = 1908) have reported problems to replicate the factor(More)
The German short version of the "Profile of Mood States (POMS)" with 35 items (seven-point response scale; rating related to the past 24 hours) was psychometrically tested in a sample of elderly people of 60 years of age and older (n=690; 57% female). The internal structure of the POMS with four factors (dejection, fatigue, displeasure, vigour) could(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pain is a major public health problem. The impact of stages of chronic pain adjusted for disease load on societal burden has not been assessed in population surveys. METHODS A cross-sectional survey with 4360 people aged  ≥ 14 years representative of the German population was conducted. Measures obtained included demographic variables,(More)
BACKGROUND Disgust sensitivity is defined as a predisposition to experiencing disgust, which can be measured on the basis of the Disgust Scale and its German version, the Questionnaire for the Assessment of Disgust Sensitivity (QADS). In various studies, different factor structures were reported for either instrument. The differences may most likely be due(More)
A link between fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been suggested because both conditions share some similar symptoms. The temporal relationships between traumatic experiences and the onset of PTSD and FMS symptoms have not been studied until now. All consecutive FMS patients in 8 study centres of different specialties(More)
The "Questionnaire for Assessing Subjective Physical Well-Being" by Kolip and Schmidt is examined using data drawn from a nationally representative survey of 573 former East and 1900 former West Germans. In this non-clinical sample the construct "subjective physical well-being" assessed by the "Questionnaire for Assessing Subjective Physical Well-Being"(More)
BACKGROUND The Perceived Stress Scale Cohen (J Health Soc Behav 24:385-96, 1983) is a widely and well-established self-report scale measuring perceived stress. However, the German version of the PSS-10 has not yet been validated. Thus, the purposes of this representative study were to psychometrically evaluate the PSS-10, and to provide norm values for the(More)
Whether self-reported lifetime civilian and war-related potential traumatic events are associated with widespread pain (WP) and if so, whether the association is attributable to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression has not been studied in a representative sample of the general population. In a randomly selected sample of the German general(More)
BACKGROUND Patient-centeredness and a strong working alliance are core elements of family medicine. Surveys in Germany showed that most people are satisfied with the quality of the family physician-patient relationship. However, factors that are responsible for the quality of the family physician-patient relationship remain unclear. This study aimed at(More)