Gabriele Schmid

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BACKGROUND Functional imaging studies report that higher education is associated with more severe pathology in patients with Alzheimer's disease, controlling for disease severity. Therefore, schooling seems to provide brain reserve against neurodegeneration. OBJECTIVE To provide further evidence for brain reserve in a large sample, using a sensitive(More)
BACKGROUND About 30-50% of complex dizziness disorders are organically not sufficiently explained or related to a psychiatric disorder. Of patients with such dizziness disorders, 80% are severely impaired by dizziness in their daily and working lives; nevertheless, they are often not diagnosed or treated adequately. OBJECTIVES This review aims to give a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether regulatory problems, i.e., crying and feeding problems in infants older than 3 months of age, predict cognitive outcome in preschool children born at risk even when controlled for confounding factors. METHODS A prospective longitudinal study of children born in a geographically defined area in Germany. N = 4427 children of(More)
OBJECTIVE Detailed evidence for the construct validity of stress questionnaires has been repeatedly demanded. This study aimed to investigate the construct validity of the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ) in the context of a transactional view of stress. METHODS The examination was based on the PSQ and on standardized quality of life and personality(More)
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder with estimated prevalence of 5% in children and 3.4% in adults. Psychiatric disorders are a frequent concomitant feature. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) may mimic the symptoms of ADHD. The aim of the study is to evaluate whether the presence of RLS predicts occurrence of psychiatric(More)
BACKGROUND Audio-visual speech perception mechanisms provide evidence for a supra-modal nature of phonological representations, and a link of these mechanisms to motor representations of speech has been postulated. This leads to the question if aphasic patients and patients with apraxia of speech are able to exploit the visual signal in speech perception(More)
Vertigo/dizziness (VD) ranks high in lifetime prevalence and clinical relevance. Nearly half of the complex VD disorders presenting at specialised units for vertigo or otoneurological disorders are not fully explained by an identifiable medical illness, but instead are related to anxiety, depressive, or somatoform disorders. Although there is some evidence(More)
BACKGROUND Vertigo and dizziness are often not fully explained by an organic illness, but instead are related to psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to evaluate psychiatric comorbidity and assess psychosocial impairment in a large sample of patients with a wide range of unselected organic and non-organic (ie, medically unexplained) vertigo/dizziness(More)
This report describes the objectives, design, and methods of the Munich Diagnostic and Predictor Study of Dizziness, a prospective study investigating diagnostic subgroups, correlates, and predictors of dizziness that is not sufficiently explained medically but clearly related to a psychiatric disorder. All patients presenting at the Integrated Centre for(More)
Die sichtbare generalisierte Minderung des Knochenmineralgehaltes (Osteopenie) ist ein häufig erhobener Befund bei konventionellen Röntgenaufnahmen des Skelettsystems. Dieser Befund ist oft unspezifisch und erlaubt eine Vielzahl verschiedener Diagnosen, von denen die postmenopausale und senile Osteoporose die häufigsten sind. Mit der Verminderung der(More)