Gabriele Schönian

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Leishmaniasis diagnosis in regions where multiple species exist should identify each species directly in the clinical sample without parasite culturing. The sensitivity of two PCR approaches which amplify part of the ssu rRNA gene and the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS), respectively, was determined using human and dog blood seeded with(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis is a potentially fatal disease endemic to large parts of Asia and Africa, primarily caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani. Here, we report a high-quality reference genome sequence for a strain of L. donovani from Nepal, and use this sequence to study variation in a set of 16 related clinical lines, isolated from(More)
A polymerase chain reaction and single-strand conformation polymorphism determination (PCR-SSCP) was used to detect deoxyribonucleic acid sequence polymorphisms in the transcribed non-coding regions between the small and large sub-unit ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) genes in Leishmania donovani from 63 clinical samples collected in eastern Sudan, between(More)
Leishmania infantum (syn. L. chagasi) is the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in the New World (NW) with endemic regions extending from southern USA to northern Argentina. The two hypotheses about the origin of VL in the NW suggest (1) recent importation of L. infantum from the Old World (OW), or (2) an indigenous origin and a distinct(More)
Four polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based approaches were used to analyze diversity within 23 Sudanese isolates of Leishmania donovani. Methods compared were fingerprinting with single nonspecific primers, restriction analysis of the amplified ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) locus, single-stranded conformation polymorphism (SSCP), and(More)
Leishmaniasis is a geographically widespread severe disease, with an increasing incidence of two million cases per year and 350 million people from 88 countries at risk. The causative agents are species of Leishmania, a protozoan flagellate. Visceral leishmaniasis, the most severe form of the disease, lethal if untreated, is caused by species of the(More)
To understand phylogenetic relationships of species and strains within the Leishmania donovani complex, we have analyzed the ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences of 27 Leishmania infantum, 2 Leishmania chagasi, 18 L. donovani and 5 Leishmania archibaldi strains of different zymodemes and geographical origin. Eight ITS sequence types(More)
A PCR fingerprinting approach, using single non-specific primers, as well as restriction and single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analyses of the amplified ribosomal internal transcribed spacer, were used to investigate genetic variability in the species Leishmania tropica. Twenty-nine strains of the 'L. tropica complex' from different Old World(More)
Molecular approaches are being used increasingly for epidemiological studies of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniases. Several molecular markers resolving genetic differences between Leishmania parasites at species and strain levels have been developed to address key epidemiological and population genetic questions. The current gold standard, multilocus(More)
Between 1997 and 2002, 49 strains of Leishmania were isolated from the cutaneous lesions of Palestinians living in and around Jericho. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplifying the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1-PCR) was applied to their cultured promastigotes and to 207 individuals' skin scrapings spotted on filter-papers, 107 of which(More)