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The human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) family of tyrosine kinases is deregulated in multiple cancers either through amplification, overexpression, or mutation. ERBB3/HER3, the only member with an impaired kinase domain, although amplified or overexpressed in some cancers, has not been reported to carry oncogenic mutations. Here, we report the(More)
A novel neuregulin isoform, termed gamma-HRG, was cloned and characterized from the human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-175. As observed with other neuregulins, gamma-HRG, is a product of alternative mRNA splicing of the neuregulin gene. Gamma-HRG contains the EGF-like and immunoglobulin-like domains that are commonly found in other family members, but(More)
The heregulin/neu differentiation factor gene products were purified and cloned based on their ability to stimulate the phosphorylation of a 185-kDa protein in human breast carcinoma cell lines known to express erbB2. However, not all cells that express erbB2 respond to heregulin, indicating that other components besides erbB2 may be required for heregulin(More)
Extensive crosstalk among ErbB/HER receptors suggests that blocking signaling from more than one family member may be essential to effectively treat cancer and limit drug resistance. We generated a conventional IgG molecule MEHD7945A with dual HER3/EGFR specificity by phage display engineering and used structural and mutational studies to understand how a(More)
PURPOSE Targeting HER2 with multiple HER2-directed therapies represents a promising area of treatment for HER2-positive cancers. We investigated combining the HER2-directed antibody-drug conjugate trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) with the HER2 dimerization inhibitor pertuzumab (Perjeta). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Drug combination studies with T-DM1 and pertuzumab(More)
While epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been shown to be important in the entry process for multiple viruses, including hepatitis C virus (HCV), the molecular mechanisms by which EGFR facilitates HCV entry are not well understood. Using the infectious cell culture HCV model (HCVcc), we demonstrate that the binding of HCVcc particles to human(More)
Erlotinib (Tarceva), is an orally available, reversible inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR; HER1) that exhibits inhibitory activity on purified HER2 kinase at much higher concentrations. Despite the minimal activity on purified protein in vitro, in vivo studies show that erlotinib inhibits the growth of HER2-driven systems effectively.(More)
MEHD7945A is a novel dual-action monoclonal antibody in which each of the two antigen-binding fragments is capable of binding to EGFR and HER3 with high affinity. It is being evaluated as a potential therapy for human cancer. The purpose of these studies was to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of MEHD7945A in mouse and monkey and predict its human PK(More)
Synthetic antibody libraries with restricted chemical diversity were used to explore the intrinsic contributions of four amino acids (Tyr, Ser, Gly and Arg) to the affinity and specificity of antigen recognition. There was no correlation between nonspecific binding and the content of Tyr, Ser or Gly in the antigen-binding site, and in fact, the most(More)
Although standard chemotherapies are commonly used to treat most types of solid tumors, such treatment often results in inadequate response to, or relapse after, therapy. This is particularly relevant for lung cancer because most patients are diagnosed with advanced-stage disease and are treated with frontline chemotherapy. By studying the residual tumor(More)