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In vitro NMR spectroscopy was performed on specimen of human brain tumors. From all patients, tissue samples of primary tumors and their first recurrences were examined. (31)P- and (1)H-spectra were recorded from samples of meningioma, astrocytoma and glioblastoma. A double extraction procedure of the tissue samples permitted acquisition of information from(More)
High-resolution proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed on tissue specimens from 33 patients with astrocytic tumors (22 astrocytomas, 11 glioblastomas) and 13 patients with meningiomas. For all patients, samples of primary tumors and their first recurrences were examined. Increased anaplasia, with respect to malignant transformation, resulting(More)
Reversible cerebral ischemia was produced in anesthetized Mongolian gerbils by occluding both common carotid arteries. After 5 min of ischemia, brains were recirculated for 8 or 24 h. Treated animals received a single intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital (50 mg/kg) immediately after the aneurysm clips were removed. At the end of the experiments,(More)
Biosynthesis and accumulation of the polyamines putrescine, spermidine, and spermine are closely associated with cellular growth processes. We examined polyamine levels and the activity of their first rate-limiting enzyme, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), in stereotactically induced experimental gliomas of the rat brain 1 and 2 weeks after implantation.(More)
Protein synthesis was measured in hippocampal slices which were exposed to glutamate (1 mM or 10 mM) or which were deprived of glucose and oxygen (‘in vitro ischemia’) for 15 min. Glutamate at 1 mM, a concentration estimated to occur duringin vivo ischemia did not affect protein synthesis. Ten mM glutamate inhibited protein synthesis immediately after(More)
Reversible cerebral ischemia was produced in rats by occluding both vertebral and both carotid arteries. Following 30 min of ischemia, brains were recirculated for 24 h. The hippocampus, the striatum, and the cortex were sampled, homogenized, and fractionated on a discontinuous sucrose gradient. The fractions were evaluated morphologically by electron(More)
Twenty mongolian gerbils were anesthetized (1.5% halothane) and severe forebrain ischemia was produced in 15 animals by occluding both common carotid arteries. After 5 min ischemia brains were recirculated spontaneously. Immediately after ischemia nimodipine (1.5 mg/kg) or pentobarbital (50 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally into five animals. Four days(More)
Thirty minutes of insulin-induced reversible hypoglycemic coma (defined in terms of cessation of EEG activity) was produced in anesthetized rats. At the end of the hypoglycemic coma or after recovery for 3, 24, or 72 h induced by glucose infusion, the animals were reanesthetized and their brains frozen in situ. Two control groups were used: untreated(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of polyamine metabolism is closely associated with cellular proliferation. The purpose was to investigate whether the content of the polyamines putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, and the activity of the first metabolic key enzyme of polyamine metabolism, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), represent biochemical markers of malignancy in(More)