Gabriele Neurauter

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BACKGROUND Tryptophan (TRP) degradation into kynurenine (KYN) by the enzyme, indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase, during immune activation may contribute to development of depressive symptoms during interferon (IFN)-alpha therapy. METHODS Twenty-six patients with malignant melanoma were randomly assigned in double-blind fashion to receive either placebo or(More)
The deficit of these factors may cause excess hydroxyl-radical generation, leading to molecular and tissue damage. VE deficiency may affect nervous tissue in other ways, including overproduction of cytolytic phos-pholipids (22) and disturbance of brain monoamine metabolism (23). Other roles of VE, such as modulation of necrosis ␬B and AP1 transcription(More)
OBJECTIVE Higher blood levels of the essential amino acid phenylalanine (phe) have been documented in patients with HIV-1 infection. They may relate to a diminished conversion of phe to tyrosine (tyr) by the enzyme phenylalanine-hydroxylase (PAH). PAH is rate-limiting in the biosynthesis of dopamine, and impaired PAH activity is reflected by an increased(More)
Intrathecal production of neopterin, a pteridine produced by interferon (IFN)-gamma-stimulated monocyte-derived macrophages, is associated with neurological disorders and infections. We investigated whether IFN-alpha/beta, IFN-gamma, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) induce neopterin production by human astroglioma cells. IFN-alpha/beta and IFN-gamma,(More)
Moderate hyperhomocysteinemia is a well-established coronary risk factor that develops when dietary supply with folate and/or vitamin B(12) is inadequate. Recently, stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells were shown to produce homocysteine. Thus, the stimulated immune system may contribute to moderate hyperhomocysteinemia during certain diseases.(More)
Immune system activation and inflammation accompanies immune dysfunction in trauma and sepsis patients. Immunodeficiency may develop in such patients as one consequence of an activated chronic pro-inflammatory response. According to recent data, degradation of L-tryptophan (TRP) via the kynurenine (KYN) pathway by the cytokine-inducible enzyme indoleamine(More)
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