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Breath analysis has attracted a considerable amount of scientific and clinical interest during the last decade. In contrast to NO, which is predominantly generated in the bronchial system, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are mainly blood borne and therefore enable monitoring of different processes in the body. Exhaled ethane and pentane concentrations(More)
Breath tests are attractive since they are noninvasive and can be repeated frequently in the dynamically changing state of critically ill patients. Volatile organic compounds can be produced anywhere in the body and are transported via the bloodstream and exhaled through the lung. They can reflect physiologic or pathologic biochemical processes such as(More)
Perioperative liver injury due to decreased perfusion may be an underlying mechanism behind the development of systemic inflammatory response syndrome. We designed this animal study to assess whether thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) impairs liver oxygenation due to induced hypotension. After ethical approval, 19 anesthetized and acutely instrumented pigs(More)
Postoperative hoarseness (PH), sore throat (ST), and vocal cord injuries (VCI) are common complications after general anesthesia. Excellent endotracheal intubating conditions are associated with less laryngeal morbidity than good or poor intubating conditions. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that a rapid-sequence induction (RSI) with succinylcholine would(More)
Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents in the perioperative phase is associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. For the management of aspiration, differentiation between acid-associated aspiration pneumonitis and aspiration pneumonia as a consequence of a secondary bacterial contamination is of crucial importance. The incidence of(More)
Fulminant acute myocarditis can be the cause of rapid cardiac decompensation that is resistant to maximal medical therapy. Successful weaning from left ventricular mechanical support is very rare in fulminant myocarditis. We report the case of a young patient with viral myocarditis who was successfully weaned from a Thoratec left ventricular assist device(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effects of desflurane on systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics, O2 delivery and O2 uptake, tissue oxygenation (as monitored by surface PO2 electrodes), and hepatic oxygen-dependent intermediary metabolism (hepatic lactate uptake, intestinal lactate production, ketone-body ratio) in the pig. We studied 11(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the water-soluble poly-(ADP)-ribose-polymerase (PARP) inhibitor 5-aminoisoquinolinone (5-AIQ) on liver microcirculation and function after haemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. Controlled, randomized animal study. University animal care facility and research laboratory. Male Sprague–Dawley rats were(More)
Liver failure resulting from different causes and its concomitant complications represent difficult-to-treat conditions with high mortality rates, despite improved therapeutic modalities in intensive care medicine. The accumulation of albumin-bound metabolites that are normally cleared by the liver, such as bilirubin and bile acids, contributes(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the short-term outcome of patients predominantly at high risk treated with the MitraClip® device for severe mitral valve regurgitation (MR) using one or more clips. METHODS We prospectively analyzed patients with highly symptomatic MR classified as inoperable (logistic EuroSCORE 24.16 ± 13.64%; STS-score 29.9 ± 14.5%) but subject to(More)