Gabriele Laschinski

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The multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) seems to play a role in the carcinogenesis of colorectal tumors. The importance of MDR1 SNPs 2677G > T/A in exon 21 and 3435C > T in exon 26 for cancer susceptibility, however, has not yet been clearly defined. Two hundred and eighty-five colorectal cancer patients and 275 controls from five hospitals in the European(More)
To develop a mammalian in vitro system for teratogenicity testing, cytotoxicity of xenobiotics was evaluated in pluripotent euploid embryonal stem cells (ESC) derived from mouse blastocysts. The dimethyl-thiazol-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was the most appropriate test system for cytotoxicity determinations with ESC. Only compounds that do not(More)
Colorectal cancer incidence and prognosis are influenced by vitamin D intake and expression of the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Polymorphisms of the VDR are linked to several diseases. This study was aimed to investigate whether variants of the VDR poly(A) microsatellite are associated with colorectal cancer incidence. The poly(A) polymorphism was analyzed in(More)
The inhibitory effect of apomorphine on tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was tested using enzyme preparations from rat striatum, neuroblastoma clone N1E-115 and pheochromocytoma clone PC-12. When the striatal enzyme preparation was incubated at pH 7.2 with (6R,S)-l-erythro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) as cofactor (100–1,000 μmol/l), the IC50 for apomorphine(More)
The cytotoxic and genotoxic properties of the newly designed anticancer drug 'cofplaton' were investigated. Since cofplaton is a cisplatin (CDDP) plus caffeine compound, the widely applied anticancer drug CDDP alone or in combination with caffeine was studied in parallel. As measured by the MTT test the cytotoxicity of the two drugs was comparable, but(More)
It is the aim of the Estonian Genome Project to establish a database which compiles phenotype and genotype data of a large part of the Estonian population. The Gene Bank will only be used for scientific and public health research. Researchers hope that it will help identify disease genes and prepare the ground for the personalized medicine of the future.(More)
The effects of lisuride and of the R(-)- and S(+)-enantiomers of apomorphine were examined on 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) production by striatal synaptosomes and by crude, soluble striatal tyrosine hydroxylase. Due to their catechol structure, the enantiomers were almost equally effective in blocking soluble tyrosine hydroxylase (EC 1.14.16.2) (IC50 =(More)
Several drugs with a catechol moiety were studied for their potency to inhibit tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) from PC-12 cells in vitro. When the natural compounds tested were compared, dopamine, norepinephrine and 2(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-ethanol (DOPET) were most effective (IC50 between 1.4 and 3.6 μM with 0.5 μM 6(R,S)-l-erythro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin as(More)
The effect of various drugs on DOPA production in the pheochromocytoma clone PC-12 and the neuroblastoma clone N1E-115 was studied. The N1E-115 cells contain only very low amounts of dopamine due to a lack of the aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase, whereas the PC-12 cells are rich in dopamine. alpha-Methyl-p-tyrosine and apomorphine blocked DOPA production(More)
Pharmacogenetics, one of the fields of clinical pharmacology, studies how genetic factors influence drug response. If hereditary traits are taken into account appropriately before starting drug treatment, the type of drug and its dosage can be tailored to the individual patient's needs. Today, the relationships between dosage requirements and genetic(More)