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Pathogenetic pathways of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) lacking mutations in KIT and PDGFRA (∼15%) are still poorly studied. Nearly nothing is known about PI3K alterations in GISTs and only a few GISTs with BRAF mutations have been reported. BRAF mutations (V600E) were found in 3/87 tumors (3.5%) concomitantly were wild type for KIT and PDGFRA. No(More)
L1 disease is a clinically heterogeneous X-chromosomal neurodevelopmental disorder that is frequently associated with mental retardation and congenital hydrocephalus in males. It is caused by mutations in L1CAM that encodes a multifunctional transmembrane neuronal cell adhesion molecule. We report our findings on 6 novel intronic L1CAM sequence variants(More)
Noonan syndrome (NS) and cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome (CFCS) are related developmental disorders caused by mutations in genes encoding various components of the RAS-MAPK signaling cascade. NS is associated with mutations in the genes PTPN11, SOS1, RAF1, or KRAS, whereas CFCS can be caused by mutations in BRAF, MEK1, MEK2, or KRAS. The NS phenotype is(More)
Marshall-Smith syndrome (MSS) is a very rare malformation syndrome characterized by typical craniofacial anomalies, abnormal osseous maturation, developmental delay, failure to thrive, and respiratory difficulties. Mutations in the nuclear factor 1/X gene (NFIX) were recently identified as the cause of MSS. In our study cohort of 17 patients with a clinical(More)
Autosomal-dominant brachydactyly type E (BDE) is a congenital limb malformation characterized by small hands and feet predominantly as a result of shortened metacarpals and metatarsals. In a large pedigree with BDE, short stature, and learning disabilities, we detected a microdeletion of approximately 900 kb encompassing PTHLH, the gene coding for(More)
Floating-Harbor syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant short stature syndrome with retarded speech development, intellectual disability and dysmorphic facial features. Recently dominant mutations almost exclusively located in exon 34 of the Snf2-related CREBBP activator protein gene were identified to cause FHS. Here we report the genetic analysis of 5(More)
  • G Krüger
  • 1989
The cultural methods require 4 to 7 days for presumptive evidence of Salmonella in foodstuffs. Attempts in time shortening have resulted in combination of pre-enrichment or selective enrichment with time saving genetical or immunological tests. Proceedings of enzyme immunoassays for applications in Salmonella screening are important. Involving monoclonal(More)