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BACKGROUND Impulsive behavior is an important characteristic in a range of psychiatric disorders. A unanimous definition of impulsivity is still under discussion, but a questionnaire to measure it has been available for quite some time, i.e. the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale Version 11 (BIS11). However, it lacks adequate psychometric characterization for(More)
We consider the problem of finding two-dimensional cutting patterns for glass sheets in order to produce rectangular elements requested by customers. The number of needed sheets, and therefore the waste, is to be minimized. The cutting facility requires three-staged guil-lotineable cutting patterns, and in addition, a plan for loading produced elements on(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) A receptors are believed to mediate some of the physiological and behavioral actions of ethanol. Recent studies have suggested that genetic variants of the GABA-A receptor alpha2 subunit gene (GABRA2) are associated with alcohol dependence. The aim of this study is to confirm and extend the role of GABRA2 haplotypes in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Impulsive behavior in alcoholics puts them at serious risk of severer course of disease and has been related to the serotonergic neurotransmission dysfunction. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between impulsive aggression in alcohol dependents with regard to the G-1438A polymorphism in the promoter region of the 5-HT2A(More)
In 1998 a gene bank project for association studies in alcoholism was initiated at the Psychiatric Hospital of Munich. The research instruments used were partly adopted from the US collaborative study of the genetics of alcoholism and include the family history assessment module (FHAM), the semi-structured interview for assessment of genetics in alcoholism(More)
AIMS We analysed the MAOAuVNTR functional polymorphism in the promoter region of the X-chromosomal monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene. Genotypes with three-repeat alleles were reported to be associated with antisocial as well as impulsive traits. METHODS The repeat number (3-5) of the MAOA polymorphism was determined in 169 male alcoholic subjects and 72(More)
The 5HT1A receptor is one of at least 14 different receptors for serotonin which has a role in moderating several brain functions and may be involved in the aetiology of several psychiatric disorders. The C(-1019)G 5-HT1A promoter polymorphism was reported to be associated with major depression, depression-related personality traits and suicidal behavior in(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurotransmitter release of GABAergic and glutamatergic neurons may be significantly influenced by cannabinoid CB1 receptors located at presynaptic nerve terminals. GABA and glutamate have been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of severe alcohol withdrawal-induced seizures and delirium tremens. The aim of this study is to test the(More)
BACKGROUND Several lines of evidence from previous research indicate that opioid receptors play an important role in ethanol reinforcement and alcohol dependence (AD) risk. Conflicting results were reported on the role of the mu-opioid receptor (OPRM1) polymorphism A118G (Asn40Asp, rs1799971) in the development of alcoholism. METHODS We investigated a(More)