Gabriele Knipping

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In extrahepatic tissues lipoprotein lipase (LPL) hydrolyzes triglycerides thereby generating FFA for tissue uptake and metabolism. To study the effects of increased FFA uptake in muscle tissue, transgenic mouse lines were generated with a human LPL minigene driven by the promoter of the muscle creatine kinase gene. In these mice human LPL was expressed in(More)
Apolipoprotein D (apoD) is a small glycoprotein responsible for the local transport of small hydrophobic ligands. Within the nervous system, apoD may be an acute phase protein that is upregulated in a variety of neuropathological conditions and is involved in the removal of lipids during nerve cell degeneration and provision of lipids during the(More)
Lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT, phosphatidylcholine: sterol O-acyltransferase, EC was purified approximately 20 000-fold from pig plasma by ultracentrifugation, phenyl-Sepharose and hydroxyapatite chromatography. Purified LCAT had an apparent relative molecular mass of 69 000 +/- 2000. By isoelectrofocusing it separated into five or(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is believed to play an important role in the mobilization of fatty acids from triglycerides (TG), diglycerides, and cholesteryl esters in various tissues. Because HSL-mediated lipolysis of TG in adipose tissue (AT) directly feeds non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) into the vascular system, the enzyme is expected to affect many(More)
1. Different lipoprotein density fractions from pig serum were isolated by phosphotungstate precipitation followed by purification in the preparative ultra-centrifuge. 2. The protein part of very low density lipoproteins was composed of approximately 52 percent lipoprotein B apoprotein and the rest of lipoprotein C II apoprotein and other as yet(More)
We have previously shown that plasma lipoproteins can be separated by analytical capillary isotachophoresis (ITP) according to their electrophoretic mobility in a defined buffer system. As in lipoprotein electrophoresis, HDL show the highest mobility followed by VLDL, IDL, and LDL. Chylomicrons migrate according to their net-charge between HDL and VLDL,(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the rate-limiting enzyme for the hydrolysis of triglycerides and the subsequent uptake of free fatty acids in extrahepatic tissues. Deficiency of LPL in humans (Type I hyperlipoproteinemia) is associated with massive chylomicronemia, low high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels, and recurrent attacks of pancreatitis when(More)
Serum amyloid A (SAA) and apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) are secreted by the liver. As concentrations of both apolipoproteins are inversely related under normal and acute-phase conditions, human HUH-7 hepatoma cells were stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1alpha (100 and 200 U), IL-6 (50 and 100 U), butyrate (2 mM) and dexamethasone (2 x 10(-7)M and 1 x(More)
Fluorescence spectroscopy, a very sensitive index for measuring the biophysical properties of living cell systems, was used to examine the structural order of intact, resting, gel-filtered platelets from hyperlipidemic subjects (n = 48, 25-70 years) and normolipemic subjects (n = 34, 19-68 years). Fluorescence anisotropy (r[s]), which is inversely related(More)
Endothelial lipase (EL) is a phospholipase with little triacylglycerol lipase activity. To assess structural and functional properties of EL-HDL (EL-modified high-density lipoprotein), HDL was incubated with conditioned medium from Cos-7 cells infected with adenovirus encoding human EL. After re-isolation of HDL by ultracentrifugation, TLC and HPLC analyses(More)