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Apolipoprotein D (apoD) is a small glycoprotein responsible for the local transport of small hydrophobic ligands. Within the nervous system, apoD may be an acute phase protein that is upregulated in a variety of neuropathological conditions and is involved in the removal of lipids during nerve cell degeneration and provision of lipids during the(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is believed to play an important role in the mobilization of fatty acids from triglycerides (TG), diglycerides, and cholesteryl esters in various tissues. Because HSL-mediated lipolysis of TG in adipose tissue (AT) directly feeds non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) into the vascular system, the enzyme is expected to affect many(More)
In extrahepatic tissues lipoprotein lipase (LPL) hydrolyzes triglycerides thereby generating FFA for tissue uptake and metabolism. To study the effects of increased FFA uptake in muscle tissue, transgenic mouse lines were generated with a human LPL minigene driven by the promoter of the muscle creatine kinase gene. In these mice human LPL was expressed in(More)
The apolipoproteins (apo) AI and CIII are important constituents of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and high-density lipoproteins. In humans, apo AI is believed to play an important protective role in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis, whereas apo CIII might be involved in the development of hypertriglyceridemia. Both human genes are located within a gene(More)
Serum amyloid A (SAA) and apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) are secreted by the liver. As concentrations of both apolipoproteins are inversely related under normal and acute-phase conditions, human HUH-7 hepatoma cells were stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1alpha (100 and 200 U), IL-6 (50 and 100 U), butyrate (2 mM) and dexamethasone (2 x 10(-7)M and 1 x(More)
Endothelial lipase (EL) is a phospholipase with little triacylglycerol lipase activity. To assess structural and functional properties of EL-HDL (EL-modified high-density lipoprotein), HDL was incubated with conditioned medium from Cos-7 cells infected with adenovirus encoding human EL. After re-isolation of HDL by ultracentrifugation, TLC and HPLC analyses(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is the rate-limiting enzyme for the hydrolysis of triglycerides and the subsequent uptake of free fatty acids in extrahepatic tissues. Deficiency of LPL in humans (Type I hyperlipoproteinemia) is associated with massive chylomicronemia, low high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels, and recurrent attacks of pancreatitis when(More)
The major role of native high density lipoprotein (HDL) is to carry cholesterol from peripheral tissues to the liver for bile excretion. As acute-phase (AP)-HDL has a decreased ability for cellular cholesterol efflux but an increased capacity for cholesteryl ester (CE) delivery to peripheral tissues, the interaction of AP-HDL with human hepatoma cells was(More)
The present work was aimed at isolating human serum amyloid A, (SAA), an acute-phase protein mainly complexed to high density lipoproteins, directly from human plasma without sequential ultracentrifugation of lipoproteins and subsequent delipidation of the apolipoprotein moiety. Hydrophobic-interaction fast-protein liquid chromatography on Octylsepharose,(More)
We have previously shown that plasma lipoproteins can be separated by analytical capillary isotachophoresis (ITP) according to their electrophoretic mobility in a defined buffer system. As in lipoprotein electrophoresis, HDL show the highest mobility followed by VLDL, IDL, and LDL. Chylomicrons migrate according to their net-charge between HDL and VLDL,(More)