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The pathogenesis of asthma reflects, in part, the activity of T cell cytokines. Murine models support participation of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and the IL-4 receptor in asthma. Selective neutralization of IL-13, a cytokine related to IL-4 that also binds to the alpha chain of the IL-4 receptor, ameliorated the asthma phenotype, including airway(More)
Previous studies in vivo have shown that IL-10 infusion can prevent lethal endotoxic shock. Mice deficient in the production of IL-10 (IL10T) were used to investigate the regulatory role of IL-10 in the responses to LPS in three experimental systems. In a model of acute endotoxic shock, it was found that the lethal dose of LPS for IL10T mice was 20-fold(More)
Previous studies have associated the production of IL-10 with suppression of the protective cell-mediated immune response to Trypanosoma cruzi. To further understand the role of IL-10 in the resistance to and pathogenesis of Chagas' disease, we infected C57BL/6 wild-type (IL-10 +/+) or C57BL/6 IL-10 knockout (IL-10 -/-) mice with the virulent Tulahuen(More)
We have used interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene knockout mice (IL-10-/-) to examine the role of endogenous IL-10 in allergic lung responses to Aspergillus fumigatus Ag. In vitro restimulated lung cells from sensitized IL-10-/- mice produced exaggerated amounts of IL-4, IL-5, and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) compared with wild-type (WT) lung cells. In vivo, the(More)
In horses prone to developing recurrent airway obstruction (RAO), we tested the hypotheses that the cytokine profile in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells of affected horses would reflect a polarized Th-2 response; that cytokine and chemokine alterations would occur within 24 h of allergen exposure; and that allergen exposure would induce alterations in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate time-dependent alterations in gene expression of chemokines in bronchial epithelium of recurrent airway obstruction (RAO)-affected horses and whether alterations resulted from increases in gene expression of interleukin (IL)-17 in cells isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). ANIMALS 8 RAO-susceptible horses and 9 control(More)
Invading trophoblasts form endometrial cups in the endometrium of the pregnant mare. In the present study we characterized the maternal leucocyte response to endometrial cups from their formation to their regression. The maternal leucocyte response was correlated with the stages of trophoblast development. (1) Aggregates of CD4+ and CD8+ cells were present(More)
Neutral neutrophil protease, elastase activities, and cytosol protease inhibitors of these enzymes of horses and man were compared. Human neutrophils had 5 times the elastase activity of equine neutrophils, and neutral protease activity was approximately 50% greater in human neutrophils than that in equine neutrophils. Cytosol inhibitors for elastase and(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of asthma is believed to reflect antigen-induced airway inflammation leading to the recruitment of eosinophils and activation of mast cells through cell-associated IgE. Controversies persist however, regarding the relative importance of different pathogenic cells and effector molecules. MATERIALS AND METHODS A variety of(More)
Chronic inflammatory diseases of the lungs, such as asthma, are frequently associated with mixed (Th2 and Th1) T cell responses. We examined the impact of critical Th1 and Th2 cytokines, IFN-gamma and IL-13, on the responses in the lungs. In a mouse model of airway inflammation induced by mixed T cell responses, the number of Th1 (IFN-gamma-positive) cells(More)