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In horses prone to developing recurrent airway obstruction (RAO), we tested the hypotheses that the cytokine profile in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells of affected horses would reflect a polarized Th-2 response; that cytokine and chemokine alterations would occur within 24 h of allergen exposure; and that allergen exposure would induce alterations in(More)
The pathogenesis of asthma reflects, in part, the activity of T cell cytokines. Murine models support participation of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and the IL-4 receptor in asthma. Selective neutralization of IL-13, a cytokine related to IL-4 that also binds to the alpha chain of the IL-4 receptor, ameliorated the asthma phenotype, including airway(More)
We have used interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene knockout mice (IL-10-/-) to examine the role of endogenous IL-10 in allergic lung responses to Aspergillus fumigatus Ag. In vitro restimulated lung cells from sensitized IL-10-/- mice produced exaggerated amounts of IL-4, IL-5, and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) compared with wild-type (WT) lung cells. In vivo, the(More)
Previous studies in vivo have shown that IL-10 infusion can prevent lethal endotoxic shock. Mice deficient in the production of IL-10 (IL10T) were used to investigate the regulatory role of IL-10 in the responses to LPS in three experimental systems. In a model of acute endotoxic shock, it was found that the lethal dose of LPS for IL10T mice was 20-fold(More)
Chronic inflammatory diseases of the lungs, such as asthma, are frequently associated with mixed (Th2 and Th1) T cell responses. We examined the impact of critical Th1 and Th2 cytokines, IFN-gamma and IL-13, on the responses in the lungs. In a mouse model of airway inflammation induced by mixed T cell responses, the number of Th1 (IFN-gamma-positive) cells(More)
The First International Workshop on Equine Leucocyte Antigens was organized and convened for the purposes of identifying immunologically relevant cell surface molecules of equine leucocytes and establishing a system of nomenclature for those molecules. Participating members of the workshop represented the majority of laboratories world-wide engaged in the(More)
Airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) are hallmarks of asthma. Cytokines produced by T helper type 2 (Th2) lymphocytes have been implicated in both processes. There is strong support for the idea that Th2 cytokines can produce AHR indirectly by promoting the recruitment of inflammatory cells. Less attention has been given to the(More)
Previous studies have associated the production of IL-10 with suppression of the protective cell-mediated immune response to Trypanosoma cruzi. To further understand the role of IL-10 in the resistance to and pathogenesis of Chagas' disease, we infected C57BL/6 wild-type (IL-10 +/+) or C57BL/6 IL-10 knockout (IL-10 -/-) mice with the virulent Tulahuen(More)
To facilitate the analysis of cytokine expression by horse lymphocytes, the complementary DNA (eDNA) for horse interferon-gamma (IFNG) was cloned and sequenced. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from a single horse were stimulated with Concavalin A and Phorbol Myristate Acetate for 6 h. The mRNA specific for IFNG was amplified by reverse transcription polymerase(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of asthma is believed to reflect antigen-induced airway inflammation leading to the recruitment of eosinophils and activation of mast cells through cell-associated IgE. Controversies persist however, regarding the relative importance of different pathogenic cells and effector molecules. MATERIALS AND METHODS A variety of(More)