Gabriele Ford

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OBJECTIVES To compare the fit of various factor solutions for the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD; Zigmond & Snaith, 1983). DESIGN A cross-sectional postal survey was used to collect the data from community-based participants in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. METHODS The HAD scale, a 14-item self-administered measure of anxiety and(More)
This paper is based on baseline data from a survey of 1042 fifty-five year olds living in the Central Clydeside Conurbation, who constitute the eldest cohort of the 'West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study'--a longitudinal study of health and everyday life. The relationship between marital status and a number of measures of health and illness is explored. The(More)
It has been argued that perceptions of familial tendencies to disease are common and important in decisions about health-related behaviours. Indeed, it has been suggested that the increased 'geneticization' of society may lead to an increased fatalism about health, which could undermine initiatives aimed at reducing coronary-prone behaviour. To date, much(More)
Data confirming the existence of social inequalities in health have continued to accumulate since the Black Report reported class inequalities across a broad range of causes of mortality, with an increasing emphasis on indicators of morbidity and current health status. Although evidence of continuing inequalities mounts, elucidation of underlying mechanisms(More)
Large magnitude cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress have been implicated in the development and expression of cardiovascular disease. Given that cardiovascular disease varies as a function of demographic variables such as age, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES), it is surprising that there are few substantive data on the eVects of such(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Assessment of quality of life (QOL) after stroke is becoming common with the recognition that evaluation of treatment should include quality as well as quantity of survival. This article will outline the main conceptual and methodological issues in QOL assessment, highlight advantages and disadvantages of measures used in stroke QOL(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate relations between health (using a range of measures) and housing tenure or car access; and to test the hypothesis that observed relations between these asset based measures and health are simply because they are markers for income or self esteem. DESIGN Analysis of data from second wave of data collection of West of Scotland(More)
It is frequently observed in contemporary industrialised societies that although women live longer than men, they are sicker than men in that they report higher rates of morbidity, disability and health care use. One common element of the explanation for women's higher rates of morbidity is that there are gender differences in the way that symptoms are(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Previous investigators have described an association between polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) use in hip arthroplasty and cardiovascular derangement. Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of PMMA injection on patient vital signs during percutaneous vertebroplasty. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed patient charts at our institution(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This trial was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase III trial with an 8-hour inclusion window to assess the efficacy and safety of an intravenous loading dose of 7.5 mg followed by a daily intravenous dose of 10 mg lubeluzole for 5 days in acute ischemic stroke patients. METHODS A total of 1786 patients were randomized: 901 to(More)