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BACKGROUND Corticosteroids are considered to be particularly effective in reducing nasal congestion and are therefore recommended as first-line treatment in allergic rhinitis patients with moderate to severe and/or persistent symptoms. OBJECTIVE We compared the clinical efficacy of fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray (FPANS) 200 microg given once(More)
The deterioration of the immune system in ageing, 'immunosenescence', is thought to contribute to increased morbidity and mortality from infections and possibly autoimmune diseases and cancer. The most profound changes involve effector and immunoregulatory T-cell functions. Immunosenescence appears also to be related to changes in non specific immunity as(More)
1. Increased bronchial smooth muscle contractility with consequent bronchial hyperreactivity are characteristic physiopathological events of asthma. Since magnesium intervenes in calcium transport mechanisms and intracellular phosphorylation reactions, it constitutes an important determinant of the contraction/relaxation state of bronchial smooth muscle. In(More)
BACKGROUND Almost 30% of the sunitinib-treated patients for metastatic renal carcinoma (mRCC) do not receive a clinical benefit. Convincing evidences demonstrated a cross talk between the VEGF and CXCR4 pathways. It was hypothesized that CXCR4 expression in primary renal cancer could predict sunitinib responsiveness. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this(More)
Antiphospholipid antibodies (APA) are known to be associated with a number of seemingly heterogeneous pathological conditions that are part of the antiphospholipid syndrome, formerly called anticardiolipin syndrome. Recent studies on the mechanism of action of these autoantibodies suggest that we are dealing with a new autoimmune syndrome which may occur(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse reactions to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)s are frequent, and the need to identify a safe alternative drug is a common problem in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE To assess the tolerability of rofecoxib, a drug that specifically inhibits COX-2, in a group of NSAID-sensitive patients. METHODS One-hundred and four subjects(More)
BACKGROUND H 1 -receptor antagonists are considered to be particularly effective in reducing pruritus, and they are therefore recommended as first-line treatment in patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU). Recently, antileukotriene receptors have been used in patients with CIU, either administered as monotherapy or combined with H 1 -receptor(More)
BACKGROUND The cause and pathogenesis of chronic urticaria are still poorly understood. IgE-independent reactions, are common in adult patients with chronic urticaria, who have daily spontaneous occurrence of weals. H(1)-receptor antagonists (antihistamines) are the major class of therapeutic agents used in the management of urticaria and angioedema.(More)
BACKGROUND The recovery of mediator metabolites from urine has the potential to provide a rapid, safe, and easily available index of release of mediators. We aimed to determine urinary metabolites of both histamine and leukotrienes (LTs) in patients affected by chronic urticaria (CU). METHODS Twenty patients with CU were studied. They were selected on the(More)
Background Penile cancer (PC) is a rare cancer in western countries, but is more common in parts of the developing world. Due to its rarity and the consequent lack of randomized trials, current therapy is based on retrospective studies and small prospective trials. Design Studies of PC therapy were searched in PubMed and abstracts at major conferences.(More)