Gabriele De Luca

Learn More
The OGG1 and MYH DNA glycosylases prevent the accumulation of DNA 8-hydroxyguanine. In Myh(-/-) mice, there was no time-dependent accumulation of DNA 8-hydroxyguanine in brain, small intestine, lung, spleen, or kidney. Liver was an exception to this general pattern. Inactivation of both MYH and OGG1 caused an age-associated accumulation of DNA(More)
In recent years, several surveys have highlighted the presence of the rodent carcinogen furan in a variety of food items. Even though the evidence of carcinogenicity of furan is unequivocal, the underlying mechanism has not been fully elucidated. In particular, the role of genotoxicity in furan carcinogenicity is still not clear, even though this(More)
Leydig cell tumors are usually benign tumors of the male gonad. However, if the tumor is malignant, no effective treatments are currently available. Leydig cell tumors express platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), kit ligand and their respective receptors, PDGFR and c-kit. We therefore evaluated the effects of imatinib mesylate (imatinib), a selective(More)
Oxidative DNA damage is one of the most common threats to genome stability and DNA repair enzymes provide protection from the effects of oxidized DNA bases. In mammalian cells, base excision repair (BER) mediated by the OGG1 and MYH DNA glycosylases prevents the accumulation of 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) in DNA. When steady-state levels of DNA 8-oxoG were(More)
In adult vertebrates, most cells are not in the cell cycle at any one time. Physiological nonproliferation states encompass reversible quiescence and permanent postmitotic conditions such as terminal differentiation and replicative senescence. Although these states appear to be attained and maintained quite differently, they might share a core(More)
Oxidative DNA damage can be the consequence of endogenous metabolic processes and exogenous insults and several DNA repair enzymes provide protection against the toxic effects of oxidized DNA bases. Here we review the increasing knowledge on the relationship between an oxidized dNTPs pool and genome instability. The review also describes some important(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a genetically heterogenous group of inherited retinal degenerative diseases resulting from photoreceptor cell death and affecting >1 million persons globally. Although oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of RP, the mechanisms by which oxidative stress mediates photoreceptor cell death are largely unknown.(More)
Metal halide semiconductors with perovskite crystal structures have recently emerged as highly promising optoelectronic materials. Despite the recent surge of reports on microcrystalline, thin-film and bulk single-crystalline metal halides, very little is known about the photophysics of metal halides in the form of uniform, size-tunable nanocrystals. Here(More)
The contribution that oxidative damage to DNA and/or RNA makes to the aging process remains undefined. In this study, we used the hMTH1-Tg mouse model to investigate how oxidative damage to nucleic acids affects aging. hMTH1-Tg mice express high levels of the hMTH1 hydrolase that degrades 8-oxodGTP and 8-oxoGTP and excludes 8-oxoguanine from both DNA and(More)
Mismatch repair is the major pathway controlling genetic stability by removing mispairs caused by faulty replication and/or mismatches containing oxidized bases. Thus, inactivation of the Msh2 mismatch repair gene is associated with a mutator phenotype and increased cancer susceptibility. The base excision repair gene Mutyh is also involved in the(More)