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Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) in adolescent women is a frequent complaint. We assessed the value of laparoscopy in the differential diagnosis of CPP in 47 adolescents 11-19 years old after six months or more of cyclic or acyclic pelvic pain. No pelvic abnormalities were detected in 19 patients (40.4%), endometriosis was detected in 18 (38.3%) (frequently with(More)
OBJECTIVE Between 1987 and 1989 data were collected to evaluate risk factors for pelvic endometriosis. DESIGN A case-control study was conducted on 241 cases with laparoscopically or laparotomically confirmed peritoneal or ovarian endometriosis consecutively admitted to three teaching hospitals in Northern Italy. The control group consisted of 437 women(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the possible role of the immune system in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. DESIGN A cytotoxicity assay by 51Cr release was performed to determine the lymphocyte cytotoxic response toward endometrial targets and an erytroleukemic cell line (K562). SETTING The assays were performed in an academic research environment. PATIENTS,(More)
Thirty-nine infertile patients with laparoscopic diagnosis of endometriosis were allocated randomly to treatment with gestrinone 2.5 mg twice weekly (20 patients) or danazol 600 mg/day (19 patients) for 6 months. If amenorrhea was not obtained after 1 month of treatment, the gestrinone dose was increased to 2.5 mg three times a week (7 patients) and the(More)
In six women with a preoperative diagnosis of incarcerated hernia, surgical exploration of the groin revealed inguinal endometriosis and no hernia. The affected structure was always the extraperitoneal portion of the round ligament. Six of the seven lesions were on the right. Intraperitoneal endometriosis was demonstrated in all patients. Catamenial pain(More)
Twenty-one patients with unexplained infertility underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with buserelin acetate and human menopausal and chorionic gonadotropins, and follicular growth was monitored by ultrasonography and daily 17 beta-estradiol (E2) assays. Endometrial biopsy was performed when E2 levels were greater than or equal to 250 pg/mL per(More)
We analyzed the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, and dyspareunia in relation to the disease stage in 160 women with endometriosis but no other associated pelvic disease who underwent their first gynecologic surgery (laparoscopy or laparotomy) at the First Obstetric and Gynecology Clinic of the University of Milan between 1985 and 1987. Dysmenorrhea(More)
The visual diagnosis of endometrioma at laparotomy in 245 women operated on for ovarian cysts demonstrated a sensitivity of 97%, specificity of 95%, positive and negative predictive value of 98% and 94%, respectively, and overall accuracy of 96%. Because the visual detection of endometriomas is remarkably accurate, ovarian biopsy, although desirable in some(More)
Laparoscopy was performed on 126 women with undiagnosed chronic pelvic pain. Abnormalities were demonstrated in 62.7% of the cases. Endometriosis was present in 32.5% of the women. Laparoscopy is useful in the differential diagnosis of chronic pelvic pain and is indicated when symptoms persist for over 6 months.
A total of 18 infertile patients with hysterosalpingographic diagnosis of bifid uterus underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and subsequent laparoscopy or laparotomy to evaluate the capability of MRI to differentiate among the various classes of the malformation. Magnetic resonance imaging identified both bicornuate uteri correctly, both didelphic(More)