Gabriele Blume

Learn More
Gradients across the outer skin layers may result in fields enforcing a lipid flow into or through the intact skin surface provided that lipids are applied in the form of special vesicles. The osmotic gradient, for example, which is created by the difference in the total water concentrations between the skin surface and the skin interior, provides one(More)
In the present study, the influence of vesicle size on the penetration of two fluorescently labeled substances into the human skin was investigated. For the measurements either a hydrophilic fluorescent compound [carboxyfluorescein (CF)] or a lipophilic one [1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tertramethylindocarbo-cyanine perchlorate (DiI)] were encapsulated into(More)
New vehicles for the non-invasive delivery of agents are introduced. These carriers can transport pharmacological agents, including large polypeptides, through the permeability barriers, such as the intact skin. This capability depends on the self-regulating carrier deformability which exceeds that of the related but not optimized lipid aggregates by(More)
An important, if not the chief, condition for the prolongation of the circulation times of lipid vesicles in vivo is the suppression of macromolecular adsorption onto the surface of such vesicles. This adsorption can be prevented very efficiently by a zone of suitably designed and mobile steric hindrances near the lipid layer surface. Lipid vesicles with(More)
One possibility for bringing drugs to their specific targets is to use the drug-laden liposomes that have been made target-specific by the attachment of appropriate proteins. Such 'directed' proteoliposomes and most other particles are rapidly removed from the bloodstream, however, by the mononuclear phagocytes in the liver and spleen. This causes(More)
Novel formulations of the halogenated corticosteroid, triamcinolone-acetonide, based on ultradeformable mixed lipid vesicles, Transfersomes, are described. Their performance was tested in vivo using radioactive label measurements, to study the drug biodistribution, and murine ear edema, to determine the drug bioactivity. Sparse use of drug-loaded(More)
Transfenac, a lotion-like formulation of diclofenac, is described. It consists of pharmaceutically acceptable ingredients and mediates the agent transport through intact skin and into the target tissues. Therapeutically meaningful drug concentrations in the target tissue are reached even when the administered drug dose in Transfenac is below 0.5 mg/kg body(More)
Liposomes have been extensively studied and suggested as a vehicle for topical drug delivery systems. However, the mechanism by which liposomes deliver drugs into intact skin is not fully understood. In the present study, we have tried to understand the mechanism of transport of hydrophilic drugs into the skin using liposomes. The effect of separation of(More)
Glucocorticoids and aspirin antagonize the androgenic response in mouse kidney, but not in ventral prostate or seminal vesicles. These agents impeded the testosterone-mediated increase in kidney weight, cytochrome c oxidase, and lysosomal hydrolases and urinary excretion of lysosomal hydrolases and proteins. They also attenuated the testosterone-induced(More)