Learn More
BACKGROUND Hypercholesterolemia is considered a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. Enhanced lipid peroxidation and persistent platelet activation can be observed in vivo in hypercholesterolemic patients and may have pathophysiological implications in the occurrence of cardiovascular events. P-selectin may play an important role in the(More)
This study compared the efficacy and safety of pravastatin and gemfibrozil in the treatment of primary hypercholesterolemia. Three hundred eighty-five outpatients from 13 lipid clinics in Italy participated in this randomized double-blind study. Patients were assigned to receive either 40 mg once daily of pravastatin or 600 mg of gemfibrozil twice daily(More)
Some data of previous literature have emphasized a negative correlation between plasma apo A1, HDL cholesterol and coronary heart disease. The present paper stresses a high negative correlation existing both in females and males between values of index body weight (IBW) and plasma levels of HDL cholesterol and apo A1. No correlation has been found between(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Elevation of plasma cholesterol and/or triglycerides, and the prevalence of small dense low density lipoproteins (LDL) particles remarkably increase the risk in patients with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL). There are, at present, inconsistent data on the effects of different treatments on size and density of LDL particles in FCHL(More)
Plasma lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels are largely genetically determined by sequences linked to the gene encoding apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)], the distinct protein component of Lp(a). Apo(a) is highly polymorphic in length due to variation in the numbers of a sequence encoding the apo(a) kringle 4 domain, and plasma levels of Lp(a) are inversely correlated(More)
In order to assess the efficacy of gemfibrozil on lipid and haemostatic parameters in patients with plurimetabolic syndrome, a multicenter double-blind placebo controlled, parallel study was carried out in 56 patients with primary hypertriglyceridemia and glucose intolerance. These patients had elevated PAI activity and antigen and t-PA antigen levels at(More)
Dynamic liver radionuclide scanning was performed in cirrhotic patients to correlate three parameters derived by this technique to the severity of liver function impairment and clinical-endoscopic signs of portal hypertension. We found a close association between the severity of liver failure (Child-Pugh criteria) and both the relative blood flow (p < 0.05)(More)
Thrombin-induced thromboxane (TX) A2 production in whole blood, as reflected by serum TXB2 measurements, has proven to be a simple and reproducible capacity-related index of platelet TXA2 production ex vivo. In the present study we have determined the influence of a number of physiologic variables on serum TXB2 measurements performed by radioimmunoassay in(More)
Two siblings with high density lipoprotein (HDL) deficiency and no plasma apolipoprotein A-I (Apo A-I) were found to be homozygous for a cytosine deletion in exon 3 of Apo A-I gene (c.85 del C, Q5FsX11). This mutation causes a frameshift leading to a premature stop codon and abolishes the synthesis of Apo A-I. Although both siblings had corneal(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that populations with a high intake of fish, and specifically fish oils, are at reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. To explore the effect of fish intake, we compared two groups of Bantu villagers in Tanzania; one group live on the shores of Lake Nyasa and their diet includes large amounts of freshwater fish; the other group(More)