Learn More
Despite all the advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), we do not know the cause. Some of the most recently available data have been discussed here and yet it is now becoming increasingly accepted that immunogenetics play an important role in the predisposition, modulation, and perpetuation of IBD. The(More)
BACKGROUND Dental erosion (DE), which is the irreversible loss of tooth substance that does not involve bacteria ranging from a minimal loss of surface enamel to the partial or complete exposure of dentine by a chemical process, is acknowledged as an established extra-oesophageal manifestation of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, the real(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to assess bone metabolism in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients and to evaluate potential differences between Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) with respect to the mechanisms underlying bone loss in this group of diseases. DESIGN AND SETTING This was a cross-sectional study which started in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of cytomegalovirus infection in patients with steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis who required colonic resection, and to assess its possible association with the use of immunosuppressive and steroid treatment and outcome after colectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study included surgical specimens and related(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of sulphasalazine and mesalazine in preventing relapse in patients with ulcerative colitis is well known. It is less clear how long such maintenance should be continued, and if the duration of disease remission is a factor that affects the risk of recurrence. AIM To determine whether the duration of disease remission affects the(More)
GOALS Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are associated with pathologic findings in the liver and biliary tract. Ultrasonography (US) represents a noninvasive means to study hepatobiliary abnormalities. This study evaluated the prevalence of US hepatobiliary changes and their relationship to clinical variables in a large IBD patient population followed in a(More)
AIM To investigate the frequency, clinical significance, and outcome of small-bowel intussusceptions in adults detected using ultrasound in an outpatient setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS In two different retrospective (January 2001 to April 2003) and prospective (May 2003 to June 2005) periods, 33 small-bowel intussusceptions were found in 32 patients (13(More)
CASE REPORT We present the case of a 52-year-old man with steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis, needing immunosuppressive therapy with azathioprine. The drug had been started 3 years earlier, but stopped after a few months because the patient reported palpitations, lipothymia, nausea and vomiting. Given the continued steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis and(More)
We compared the clinical effectiveness and endoscopic results of ranitidine and cimetidine treatment; 71 outpatients, all affected with benign gastric ulcer, were selected for the study (43 type I, 7 type II and 21 type III, according to Johnson's classification). The patients were treated randomly for 4 weeks with ranitidine (300 mg daily) or cimetidine (1(More)
BACKGROUND Current knowledge on splanchnic haemodynamics in Crohn's disease is limited. AIMS To investigate which features of Crohn's disease affect splanchnic haemodynamics, and to establish whether portal vein (PV) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood supply reflects clinical or biochemical activity of Crohn's disease. METHODS Seventy nine(More)