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BACKGROUND Clinical factors related to suicide and suicide attempts have been studied much more extensively in unipolar depression compared with bipolar disorder. We investigated demographic and course-of-illness variables to better understand the incidence and potential clinical correlates of serious suicide attempts in 648 outpatients with bipolar(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the current study was to examine possible clinical predictors of positive response to lamotrigine or gabapentin monotherapy in treatment-refractory affectively ill patients. METHODS Forty-five patients with treatment refractory bipolar (n = 35) or unipolar (n = 10) affective disorder participated in a clinical study evaluating(More)
Transient changes in extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]o) and field potentials were evoked by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP; 50-100 microM) and recorded with ion-selective microelectrodes in CA1b, CA3b and dentate sectors of adult rat hippocampal slices. Long-lasting field potentials recurred at a frequency of approximately 1/60 s (0.016 +/- 0.003 Hz) in(More)
K(+)-sensitive microelectrodes were used to record changes evoked by baclofen in extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]o) and field potentials in the stratum pyramidale (SP) and stratum radiatum (SR) in the CA1b region of guinea pig hippocampal slices in vitro. Bath applications of (+/-)-baclofen (1 microM-3 mM for approximately 5 min) evoked changes(More)
The development of tolerance to therapeutic effects of antiepileptic drugs can be a problem in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and pain syndromes. In the present study, acute treatment with the new antiepileptic drug lamotrigine (LTG, 15 mg/kg) markedly suppressed seizure stage and seizure duration in amygdala-kindled rats; but this antiseizure(More)
Recent evidence suggests that lithium therapy (even as supplemented by antidepressants and neuroleptics) is inadequate for the majority of patients with bipolar illness, and particularly those with rapid cycling. Valproate and carbamazepine have emerged as adjuncts and alternatives, but they, too, often require additional approaches with lithium, thyroid(More)
Ion-selective microelectrode recordings were made to assess a possible contribution of extracellular gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) accumulation to early responses evoked in the brain by anoxia and ischemia. Changes evoked by GABA or N2 in [K+]o, [Cl-]o, [Na+]o, and [TMA+]o were recorded in the cell body and dendritic regions of the stratum pyramidale (SP)(More)
Immunohistochemical staining for the calcium-binding protein calbindin-D28k (CaBP) was combined with Lucifer Yellow (LY) identification and intracellular recording of changes in membrane parameters of pyramidal neurons in CA2, CA1, and the subiculum of rat hippocampal slices during brief exposure (4.0 +/- 0.19 min) to N2. Anoxia evoked either a(More)