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The immune-mediated graft-versus-leukemia effect is important to prevent relapse after allogeneic progenitor cell transplantation. This process requires engraftment of donor immuno-competent cells. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of achieving engraftment of allogeneic peripheral blood or bone marrow progenitor cell after purine(More)
BACKGROUND Poor engraftment due to low cell doses restricts the usefulness of umbilical-cord-blood transplantation. We hypothesized that engraftment would be improved by transplanting cord blood that was expanded ex vivo with mesenchymal stromal cells. METHODS We studied engraftment results in 31 adults with hematologic cancers who received transplants of(More)
We developed an immunodeficiency scoring index for respiratory syncytial virus (ISI-RSV) infection, based on a cohort of 237 allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) recipients, that can predict the risk of progression to lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and RSV-associated mortality. A weighted index was calculated using adjusted hazard(More)
In this study, we analyzed the long-term outcome of a risk-adapted transplantation strategy for mantle cell lymphoma in 121 patients enrolled in sequential transplantation protocols. Notable developments over the 17-year study period were the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy and preparative regimens and the advent of nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem(More)
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) has been performed primarily with an HLA-matched donor. Outcomes of haploidentical transplantation have recently improved, and a comparison between donor sources in a uniform cohort of patients has not been performed. We evaluated outcomes(More)
Our aim was to improve outcome prediction after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in acute myeloid leukemia by combining cytogenetic and molecular data at diagnosis with minimal residual disease assessment by multicolor flow-cytometry at transplantation. Patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission in whom minimal(More)
An observational study was conducted at 18 transplant centers in the United States and Canada to characterize the platelet recovery of patients receiving myeloablative therapy and stem cell transplantation and to determine the clinical variables influencing recovery, determine platelet utilization and cost, and incidence of hemorrhagic events. The study(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow contains stem cells with the potential to differentiate into mature cells of various organs. We determined whether circulating stem cells have a similar potential. METHODS Biopsy specimens from the liver, gastrointestinal tract, and skin were obtained from 12 patients who had undergone transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells(More)
Donor lymphocyte infusions, by virtue of a graft-versus-tumor effect, have been shown to induce remissions in leukemia that recurs after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Similar effects have been postulated to contribute to the decreased recurrence rate observed after allogeneic transplantation in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This lower recurrence rate(More)
Donor lymphocyte infusions can reinduce complete remission in the majority of patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who relapse into chronic phase after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Such infusions are associated with a high incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and marrow aplasia. BMT using selective depletion of CD8+(More)